Is the Post War International Order Coming to an End?

Sir Lawrence Freedman
King's College London, University of Oxford, U.K.

Strategic Studies Series

Sir Lawrence Freedman was Professor of War Studies at King's College London from 1982 to 2014, and was Vice-Principal from 2003 to 2013. He was educated at Whitley Bay Grammar School and the Universities of Manchester, York and Oxford. Before joining King's he held research appointments at Nuffield College Oxford, IISS and the Royal Institute of International Affairs. Elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1995 and awarded the CBE (Commander of the British Empire) in 1996, he was appointed Official Historian of the Falklands Campaign in 1997. He was awarded the KCMG (Knight Commander of St Michael and St George) in 2003. In June 2009 he was appointed to serve as a member of the official inquiry into Britain and the 2003 Iraq War.


Lawrence Freedman has written extensively on nuclear strategy and the cold war, as well as commentating regularly on contemporary security issues. Among his books are Kennedy's Wars: Berlin, Cuba, Laos and Vietnam (2000), The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy (3rd edition 2004), Deterrence (2005), the two volume Official History of the Falklands Campaign (second edition 2007) and an Adelphi Paper on The Transformation in Strategic Affairs (2004). A Choice of Enemies: America confronts the Middle East, won the 2009 Lionel Gelber Prize and Duke of Westminster Medal for Military Literature. His most recent book is Strategy: A History (2013) was awarded the W J McKenzie Book Prize by the Political Studies association.

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Date and Time
February 27, 2017
6:30pm - 8:00pm Local Time

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The Political Economy of Monetary Solidarity: Understanding the Euro Experiment

Waltraud Schelkle
The London School of Economics and Political Science, U.K.

Understanding the New Europe Series

Creating the European Monetary Union between an ever expanding number of diverse and unequal nation states is arguably one of the biggest social experiments in history. This study will show that if this experiment were to fail, it may not be because of diversity and inequality of its members — as is often argued — but because of the limited capacity to share and diversify risks. A diverse union brings with it large potential gains from risk diversification, but cooperation is needed to realize these gains. Collective action problems beset all policy cooperation, but they become more intractable as the parties become more heterogeneous. Mistrust, misperception, and lack of information stand in the way of risk pooling. Different preferences and power asymmetries may also lead to conflict in setting the priorities for collective action. This leads to the paradox that the more diverse potential members are, the larger the potential economic gains from monetary union, yet the more difficult it may be to realize these gains politically. The talk will present evidence for interstate risk sharing in the euro area that occurred as a by-product of other agendas.

WALTRAUD SCHELKLE

Waltraud Schelkle is Associate Professor of Political Economy at the European Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), which she joined in September 2001.

Before that she was a Visiting Professor of International Economic Relations in the economics department of the Free University of Berlin, his alma mater. Schelkle also spent one year of study in the economics department at Duke University in 1986-87. Her research interests are the evolution of monetary integration and welfare state reforms.

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Date and Time
February 23, 2017
6:30pm - 8:00pm Local Time

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U.S. - EU Economic and Trade Relations in a New Era

Michael Koplovsky
U.S. Mission to the European Union, Belgium

Michael Koplovsky is Minister-Counselor for Economic Affairs at the U.S. Mission to the European Union in Brussels.

Koplovsky is a senior career diplomat with extensive experience in negotiation, trade policy and development assistance.

His recent postings abroad include Acting Deputy Chief of Mission/Acting Deputy Permanent Representative at the U.S. Mission to the OECD in Paris, France; Economic Minister-Counselor at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq; and Deputy Chief of Mission/Charge d'Affaires at the U.S. Embassy in Lusaka, Zambia. While serving in Rabat, Morocco, he helped negotiate a bilateral free trade agreement and a $700 million Millennium Challenge compact. In addition to serving as Director for Mexican Affairs and Deputy Director for Andean Affairs at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, his Washington, D.C. assignments include Director for Policy and Public Outreach in the State Department's Bureau of Oceans, Environment, and Science and South Africa desk officer. Prior to joining the State Department, Mr. Koplovsky worked in the World Bank's Strategic Planning Division.

He holds a Bachelor of Arts in International Studies from the Johns Hopkins University, a Master of International Affairs from Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs and a Master of Arts in National Security and Strategic Studies from the U.S. Naval War College.

In addition to English, Mr. Koplovsky speaks French, Danish, Dutch, and German.

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Date and Time
February 23, 2017
10:30am - 12:00pm Local Time

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EVENT CANCELLED: A Conversation with Catherine L. Mann

Date and Time
February 22, 2017
7:00pm - 8:30pm Local Time

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Global Value Chains and Focal Enterprises

Paul H. Dembinski
Observatoire de la Finance, Switzerland

International Development and Economics Series

Paul H. Dembinski is Director of the Observatoire de la Finance in Geneva.

Born in Cracow in 1955, Paul H. Dembinski studied political science in Geneva and received his doctorate in economics in 1982. In 1979 he was appointed lecturer and assistant professor at the University of Geneva, and in 1991 he was appointed visiting professor at Switzerland's University of Fribourg, where he now occupies the chair of International Strategy and Competition on a half-time basis.

In 1989 he and his associate Alain Schoenenberger founded Eco'Diagnostic, a fully independent, interdisciplinary economic research institute that still operates today.

An expert on behalf of international organizations such as OECD and UNCTAD, Dembinski also conducts studies of Switzerland's economic fabric (at both cantonal and federal level). Since 1999 he has been co-editor of the journal Finance & the Common Good/Bien Commun.

Since 2005, following the launch of the Ethics and Finance – Robin Cosgrove Prize, he has co-chaired the two juries with Ms Carol Cosgrove-Sacks and Mr Domingo Sugranyes.

His main publications include The Role of Large Enterprises in Democracy and Society (ed.), Palgrave, London, 2010; Pratiques financières – regards chrétiens (ed.), Desclée de Brouwer, Paris, 2009; Finance: Servant or Deceiver? Financialization at the Crossroads, Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2009; Enron and the World of Finance – a Case Study in Ethics (ed.), Palgrave, London, 2005; Les PME en Suisse. Profils et Défis, Georg, Geneva, 2004 and Rüegger, Zurich, 2004 (in French only); Economic and Financial Globalization: What the Numbers Say, United Nations, New York and Geneva, 2003; La privatisation en Europe de l'Est, Presses Universitaires de France (PUF), Paris, 1995; Economie et Finances, BPS, Berne, 1995.

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Date and Time
February 20, 2017
6:30pm - 8:00pm Local Time

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Greater Eurasia's Economic Integration and Its Implications for Central Asia

Johannes F. Linn
Brookings Institution, U.S.

Johannes F. Linn is Distinguished Resident Scholar at the Emerging Markets Forum in Washington, D.C., Non-resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution and Senior Advisor at the Results for Development Institute (R4D). During 2011 and 2014 he was the External Chair of the 9th and 10th IFAD Replenishment consultations.


From 2005-2010 Mr. Linn served as Director of the Wolfensohn Center for Development at Brookings. Prior to joining Brookings in 2003, he worked for three decades at the World Bank in various capacities. In 1991, Mr. Linn was the Bank's Vice President for Financial Policy and Resource Mobilization. From 1996 to 2003, Mr. Linn was the Bank's Vice President for Europe and Central Asia.

Building on his last assignment at the World Bank, Mr. Linn engaged in intensive research and advisory work on Central Asia. He served as the project director and principal author of the UNDP's Central Asia Human Development Report (2005). In 2007 he published an article on "Economic Integration of Eurasia" (in Europe after the Enlargement, edited by Aslund and Dabrowkski). During 2007-2010 Mr. Linn was Special Advisor to the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Forum (CAREC). He published a book jointly edited with Werner Hermann on Central Asia and the Caucasus: At the Crossroads of Eurasia in the 21st Century (Sage, 2011). He was project director and co-editor for the book Kazakhstan 2050: Toward a Modern Society for All (Oxford University Press, 2014). He also co-edited and contributed to the book Central Asia 2050: Unleashing the Region's Potential (Sage, 2016).

Mr. Linn has published extensively on development and global governance issues. His current research interests and recent publications are in the areas of aid effectiveness (with a special focus on scaling up successful development interventions), on global governance reform, and on regional cooperation and integration (with a special focus on Central Asia and greater Eurasia). Mr. Linn holds a Bachelor degree from Oxford University (1968) and a doctorate in economics from Cornell University (1973).

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Date and Time
February 20, 2017
10:30am - 12:00pm Local Time

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Politicization and Integration through Law: Whither Integration Theory?

Sabine Saurugger
Sciences Po Grenoble, France

Understanding the New Europe Series

The last fifteen years have consisted of constant ups and downs for European Union (EU) politics, with the economic, financial and refugee crises only the latest in a long series of challenges for European integration. Starting from a definition of the two central characteristics of the economic and financial crisis which started in 2008 – the increasing politicisation of the domestic level and the strong call for legal regulation of, and court response to, the EU's economic governance – I will systematically analyse the capacities of mainstream theoretical frameworks to explain the way the EU has dealt with the situation since 2008. Federalism, liberal intergovernmentalism, neofunctionalism, and constructivism explain parts of the processes, but do not sufficiently link the domestic level and the EU level to answer the crucial question of why a more politicised and opposed domestic level leads to continued integration through (hard) law. It is in broadening these main theoretical frames and in combining them that tools are found that allow for an understanding of contemporary EU integration through law in politicised times.

SABINE SAURUGGER

Sabine Saurugger, PhD (Sciences Po Paris) is Professor of Political Science and Research Dean of Sciences Po Grenoble.

She is a honorary member of the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF), and held visiting research and professorship positions at the College of Europe in Bruges, and the Universities of Cologne, Montreal, Brussels and Oxford. Her research focuses on theories of European integration, resistance to European integration and the politics of law, and has been published in journals such as the European Journal of Political Research, Journal of Common Market Studies, West European Politics, Political Studies, Comparative Politics, Comparative European Politics, Journal of European Public Policy, Revue Française de Science Politique and Swiss Revue of Political Science. Most recently she published with Fabien Terpan Crisis and Institutional Change in Regional Integration (Routledge 2016) and The Court of Justice of the European Union and the Politics of Law (Palgrave 2017).

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Date and Time
February 16, 2017
6:30pm - 8:00pm Local Time

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EVENT CANCELLED: Syria is Too Strategic to Be Left to Syrians. Popular Revolt and the Geopolitical Conundrum

Bassma Kodmani
Arab Reform Initiative, Syria

The Middle East: A Region in Upheaval Series

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Date and Time
February 9, 2017
6:30pm - 8:00pm Local Time

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Services and Performance of the Indian Economy: Analysis and Policy Options

Hildegunn Kyvik Nordas
OECD, France

International Commercial Policy Series

This paper highlights India's unique services-led export growth path. It observes how Indian business services have helped manufacturers world-wide become more efficient and productive, and asks how Indian business services can do the same for local manufacturers thus supporting the "Make in India" initiative. The paper also explores the potential for broadening the export base in services. The service sector with the greatest potential for both manufacturing and knowledge intensive business services is telecommunications - particularly broadband internet services. In addition, reforms in the distribution sector which enable multi-channel wholesale and retailing could facilitate the development of marketing channels for SME manufacturers, both across the vast Indian market and abroad. Reforms in the logistics sector would further improve the competitiveness of local manufacturers producing time-sensitive goods included in global value chains. Finally, competitiveness in knowledge-intensive services would be obtained through knowledge sharing across borders. A prerequisite for broadening the export base in these sectors is openness to foreign professionals. The set of proposed recommendations emerging from this analysis underlines the importance of streamlining sector-level regulatory frameworks in all sectors, thus encouraging foreign entry and competition. It also highlights the role that cross-cutting improvements in the trade and business environment would play to render services providers, as well as down-stream manufacturers, more competitive.

HILDEGUNN KYVIK NORDAS

Hildegunn Kyvik Nordas is Senior Trade Policy Analyst at the Trade and Agriculture Directorate at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

She works on services trade policy analysis and has led a long-term project on developing trade restrictiveness indices for 18 service sectors in 40 countries.

Before joining the OECD in 2005 Nordas worked as Manager of the Economics Department at Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) in Norway, where she did research on trade and development, policy analysis, and policy advice to governments and aid agencies. Her work experience also includes two years as a counsellor at the research department in the World Trade Organization. Nordas has been associate professor at the Department of Economics, University of Bergen and a visiting scholar at Stanford University, USA, University of Durban Westville, South Africa, and University of Western Cape, South Africa.

Nordas has published extensively, including academic journal articles, book chapters and OECD Trade Policy Papers on international trade in goods and services, development and economic growth.

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Date and Time
February 6, 2017
6:30pm - 8:00pm Local Time

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France's Strategic Role in the World: Historical Continuities and New Dilemmas in the Era of Brexit and Trump

Alice Pannier
Institut de Recherche Strategique de l'Ecole Militaire; CERI Sciences Po, France

Understanding the New Europe Series

Alice Pannier is Research Associate at the Centre for International Research (CERI) at Sciences Po and Postdoctoral Fellow at the Institute for Strategic Research of the French Ministry of Defence (IRSEM). She earned her Ph.D. in Political Science at Sciences Po, Paris, with joint supervision from King's College London.

Previously, she graduated from King's College London and Universite Pantheon-Sorbonne, and worked at the French Institute for International Relations (IFRI) as well as the French Ministry of Defence.

Her research areas include European security and transatlantic relations, French and British foreign and defence policies, contemporary military interventions and International Relations theories. She has written several articles on these topics, including most recently "The Anglo-French defence partnership after the Brexit vote: British incentives and French dilemmas" (forthcoming in Global Affairs), and "From one exceptionalism to another: France's strategic relations with the United States and the United Kingdom in the post-Cold War era" ( Journal of Strategic Studies, October 2016).

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Date and Time
February 2, 2017
6:30pm - 8:00pm Local Time

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