The Causes of Wars

Margaret MacMillan
St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, U.K.; Johns Hopkins University SAIS, U.S.

Margaret MacMillan is the Xerox Foundation Distinguished Scholar at the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs.

Professor MacMillan became the fifth Warden of St Antony's College in July 2007. Prior to taking on the Wardenship, Professor MacMillan was Provost of Trinity College and professor of History at the University of Toronto. She was educated at the University of Toronto (Honours BA in History) and at St Hilda's College and St Antony's College, Oxford University (BPhil in Politics and DPhil). From 1975 until 2002 she was a member of the History Department at Ryerson University in Toronto and she also served as Chair of the Department. Professor MacMillan is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and a Senior Fellow of Massey College, University of Toronto and sits on the boards of the Mosaic Institute, the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, and the editorial boards of International History and First World War Studies. She has honorary degrees from the University of King's College, the Royal Military College, Ryerson University, Toronto, the University of Western Ontario and Huron University College of the University of Western Ontario. In 2006 Professor MacMillan was invested as an Officer of the Order of Canada, and in 2016 she was appointed as a Companion of the Order of Canada.

Professor MacMillan has a long-standing relationship with St Antony's. She was a student at the College during the early 1970s, producing a doctoral thesis on the British in India. She returned as a Senior Associate Member in 1993 and was elected to an Honorary Fellowship in 2003.

Professor MacMillan's publications include Women of the Raj as well as Peacemakers: the Paris Conference of 1919 and Its Attempt to Make Peace. The latter was published in North America as Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World and won the Duff Cooper Prize, the Samuel Johnson Prize for non-fiction (the first woman to do so), the Hessell-Tiltman Prize for History, the Silver Medal for the Council on Foreign Relations Arthur Ross Book Award and the Governor-General's prize for non-fiction in 2003 and was a New York Times Editor's Choice in 2002. She subsequently wrote Canada's House: Rideau Hall and the Invention of a Canadian Home, jointly with Marjorie Harris and Anne L. Desjardins; Nixon in China: The Week That Changed the World (entitled Nixon and Mao in the US) was nominated in January 2007 for a Gelber Prize, awarded annually to the best book on international affairs published in English; The Uses and Abuses of History (Dangerous Games in the US); Stephen Leacock; and The War That Ended Peace (October 2013). Her most recent book is History's People, published in February 2016. She comments frequently in the media on historical issues and current affairs.

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Date and Time
March 27, 2017
7:30pm - 9:00pm Local Time

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Iraq & Syria's Generation 2000: An Uphill Struggle

Maria Luisa Fantappie
International Crisis Group, Belgium

Organized by the Johns Hopkins University SAIS Europe Student Government Association

Maria Fantappie is currently Senior Analyst at the International Crisis Group (ICG) leading research and advocacy on Iraq and Syria, a position she has held for four years. She also supervises research on Iraq and youth-related issues in the Middle East for the World Bank.

Prior to joining ICG, Maria was a Visiting Scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut (2011-2012). She has taught at the American University of Iraq in Suleimani (2014), Sciences Po (2010) and the University of Rouen (2010). She recently defended her PhD in Public Policy at King's College London, and in 2009 earned an MA and MPhil with distinction from Sciences Po's Department of Middle Eastern Studies.

Fantappie has lived in the Middle East for five consecutive years, which has enabled her to combine academic and policy expertise with field-based insights to produce timely and policy relevant publications on Iraqi and Syrian political, societal and security issues.

In addition to publishing numerous policy reports on these issues for leading think tanks, including ICG and Carnegie, she has published op-eds for Foreign Affairs and the New York Times, among others. Whilst carrying out her research, she has engaged policymakers at some of the highest levels of government in the US, Europe and the Middle East. Her most recent ICG publication is Fight or Flight: the Desperate Plight of Iraq's Generation 2000, which has become a key reference for scholars and policymakers working on youth-related issues in the Middle East.

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Date and Time
March 2, 2017
6:30pm - 8:00pm Local Time

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EVENT CANCELLED: The Future of the EU Through the Political Divide Between Left and Right

Pedro Sanchez
Economist and Former Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (2014-2016), Spain

Contemporary History and Institutions of the Mediterranean. Organized by the Johns Hopkins University SAIS Europe and the Foundation of Religious Sciences, John XXIII

Pedro Sanchez is an Economist and Secretary-General of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 2014 to 2016.

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Date and Time
April 3, 2017
7:30pm - 9:00pm Local Time

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Quartermasters of Capital: War and Trade in the Arabian Peninsula

Laleh Khalili
University of London, U.K.

The Middle East: A Region in Upheaval Series

Laleh Khalili is Professor of Middle East Politics at the Department of Politics and International Studies, SOAS of the University of London.

Laleh Khalili's first book, Heroes and Martyrs of Palestine: The Politics of National Commemoration (Cambridge 2007) drew on ethnographic research in the Palestinian refugee camp of Burj al-Barajna in Lebanon and focussed on the particular genres of commemoration – from the heroic practices of the heady days of Third Worldism to the tragic discourses of an era in which NGOs are ascendant. She also edited Modern Arab Politics (Routledge 2008) and co-edited (with Jillian Schwedler) Policing and Prisons in the Middle East: Formations of Coercion (Hurst/OUP 2010). Her most recent book, Time in the Shadows: Confinement in Counterinsurgencies (Stanford 2013), drew on interviews with former detainees of Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo Bay, and various Israeli detention camps and prisons – and military officers, guards, and interrogators, as well as a large number of archival sources, to show the continuities in practices of detention in liberal counterinsurgencies from the Boer War until today. Her Time in the Shadows was the winner of the Susan Strange Best Book Prize of the British International Studies Association and the 2014 best book award of the International Political Sociology section of the ISA.

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Date and Time
May 4, 2017
7:30pm - 9:00pm Local Time

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National Identifications and International Relations

Richard Ned Lebow
King's College London, University of Oxford and Pembroke College, University of Cambridge, U.K.

Understanding the New Europe Series

Identity is the master variable for many constructivist scholars of international politics. In this comparative study, Richard Ned Lebow shows that states do not have identities any more than people do. Leaders, peoples, and foreign actors seek to impose national identifications consistent with their political projects and psychological needs. These identifications are multiple, fluid and rise in importance as a function of priming and context. Leaders are at least as likely to invoke national identifications as rationalizations for policies pursued for other reasons as they are to be influenced by them. National identifications are nevertheless important because they invariably stress the alleged uniqueness of a people and its country and are a principal means of seeking status and building self-esteem. Lebow tracks the relative appeal of these principles, the ways in which they are constructed, how they influence national identifications, and how they in turn affect regional and international practices.

RICHARD NED LEBOW

Richard Ned Lebow is Professor of International Political Theory in the Department of War Studies, King's College London, James O. Freedman Presidential Professor Emeritus at Dartmouth College, and Bye-Fellow of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge.

Lebow has taught strategy at the National and Naval War Colleges and served as a scholar-in-residence in the Central Intelligence Agency during the Carter administration.

He has held visiting appointments at the University of Lund, Sciences Po, University of Cambridge, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, London School of Economics and Political Science, Australian National University, University of California at Irvine, University of Milan, University of Munich, the Frankfurt Peace Research Institute and at Johns Hopkins University SAIS Europe. He has authored and edited 34 books and nearly 250 peer reviewed articles.

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Date and Time
May 1, 2017
7:30pm - 9:00pm Local Time

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Capitalism and Democracy in Central Europe: A Sequence of Crises?

Dorothee Bohle
European University Institute, Italy

Understanding the New Europe Series

Dorothee Bohle holds a chair in social and political change at the Department of Political and Social Sciences of the European University Institute.

She was previously a professor of political science at Central European University, Budapest, and from 1995-2001 a research fellow at the Social Science Research Center, Berlin. She has also held visiting positions at the Center for European Studies, Harvard University, the European University Institute, where she was a Fernand Braudel Fellow, the University of Florida, Gainesville, and the University of Osnabrück. She received her Ph.D. from the Free University of Berlin.

Professor Bohle's research focuses on comparative political economy with a special emphasis on East Central Europe. She has participated in a number of EU-funded research projects, most recently as work package leader in the Horizon 2020 ENLIGHTEN project (European Legitimacy in Governing through Hard Times: the Role of European Networks).

She has published two books as well as numerous book chapters and journal articles. Her co-authored book on Eastern Europe's capitalist diversity received the 2013 Stein Rokkan Prize for Comparative Social Research. She is associate editor of the Journal of International Relations and Development (JIRD), and sits on the editorial boards of the journals New Perspectives, Osterreichische Zeitschrift fur Politikwissenschaft, and European Journal of Industrial Relations.

She serves as a member of the executive council of the Society for Advancement of Socioeconomics (SASE), as board member of the CES Network on the Historical Study of States and Regimes, and as scientific board member of the Institute for Research on Eastern and Southeastern Europe in Regensburg.

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Date and Time
April 27, 2017
7:30pm - 9:00pm Local Time

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Wither the "New" Spain?: Spanish Politics Between Constitutional Unsettlement, European Disintegration and Socio-economic Crisis

Agustin Jose Menendez
University of Leon, Spain; ARENA - Centre for European Studies, Norway

Contemporary History and Institutions of the Mediterranean Series

Agustin Jose Menendez lectures jurisprudence and history of political philosophy at the Universidad de Leon, Spain. He is also research professor at ARENA, the European studies centre of the University of Oslo.


Menendez is the author of Justifying Taxes (Kluwer) and (together with John Erik Fossum) The Constitution's Gift. His main research interests are European constitutional law, democratic tax theory, history of political philosophy and odious legal systems. He is currently editor in chief of the European Law Journal.

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Date and Time
April 24, 2017
7:30pm - 9:00pm Local Time

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Reassuring the Reluctant Warriors: U.S. Civil-Military Relations and Multilateral Intervention

Stefano Recchia
University of Cambridge, U.K.

Strategic Studies Series

Recchia is University Lecturer and Fellow in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge, Clare Hall. His principal research interests are in international security studies, US foreign policy, multilateralism, and just war.

His monograph, Reassuring the Reluctant Warriors: US Civil-Military Relations and Multilateral Intervention, was published in 2015 in the Cornell Studies in Security Affairs book series. The book develops a new explanation of when and why the United States seeks multilateral approval through the United Nations or NATO for planned military interventions. Recchia draws on declassified documents and around 100 interviews conducted with senior US officials. He argues that America's top-ranking generals and admirals are reluctant warriors who value international burden sharing and the potential exit ramp that a hand-off to the UN or NATO can provide, and that they play an underappreciated role in steering US intervention policy toward these multilateral bodies.

Recchia has also published two books on classical international relations theory: Just and Unjust Military Intervention: European Thinkers from Vitoria to Mill (co-edited with Jennifer Welsh; Cambridge UP 2013), and A Cosmopolitanism of Nations: Giuseppe Mazzini's Writings on Democracy, Nation Building, and International Relations (co-edited with Nadia Urbinati; Princeton UP 2009). His research has appeared in a variety of peer-reviewed journals, including Security Studies, the Review of International Studies, Political Science Quarterly, and Ethics and International Affairs.

Recchia holds a PhD from Columbia University (awarded with distinction) and a Master's degree from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He has held fellowships at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, the Brookings Institution, the European University Institute (EUI), and the Free University of Berlin.

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Date and Time
April 10, 2017
7:30pm - 9:00pm Local Time

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Europe’s Crisis of Legitimacy: Governing by Rules and Ruling by Numbers in the Eurozone

Vivien A. Schmidt
Boston University, U.S.

Understanding the New Europe Series. In honor of Patrick McCarthy 1941-2007, Professor of European Studies, Bologna Center

VIVIEN A. SCHMIDT

Vivien A. Schmidt is Jean Monnet Professor of European Integration, Professor of International Relations in the Pardee School of Global Studies, and Professor of Political Science at Boston University, where she is also founding director of the university's Center for the Study of Europe.

She received her MA and PhD from the University of Chicago, her BA from Bryn Mawr College, and attended Sciences Po, Paris.

Professor Schmidt has published twelve books and over 200 articles and book chapters covering European political economy, institutions and democracy, as well neo-institutional theory (discursive institutionalism). Recent books include Resilient Liberalism in Europe's Political Economy (Cambridge, co-edited, 2013), Democracy in Europe (Oxford, 2006)—named in 2015 by the European Parliament as one of the ‘100 Books on Europe to Remember'—and The Futures of European Capitalism (Oxford, 2002).

Recent honors and awards include an honorary doctorate from the Free University of Brussels, the Belgian Franqui Interuniversity Chair for foreign scholars, Fulbright fellowships to the EU and France, a research fellowship from the European Commission (DG ECFIN), and co-investigator on a multi-year EU HORIZON 2020 Grant.

Prof. Schmidt is Visiting Research Scholar at the Free University of Berlin and Visiting Professor at LUISS University in Rome, the Free University of Brussels, and the Copenhagen Business School. She has also been a visiting professor or scholar at Sciences Po in Paris, the European University Institute, Oxford University, and Cambridge University, among others.

Prof. Schmidt was formerly head of the European Union Studies Association (EUSA). She currently sits on the advisory boards of the Wissenschaft Zentrum Berlin, the Vienna Institute for Peace, and the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (Brussels), and is co-chair of the European Union Studies group at Harvard's Center for European Studies. Her forthcoming book is entitled: Europe's Crisis of Legitimacy: Governing by Rules and Ruling by Numbers in the Eurozone.

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Date and Time
March 30, 2017
7:30pm - 9:00pm Local Time

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EVENT CANCELLED: Public Expenditure Reviews: Challenges for Italy and Europe

Giuseppe Pennisi

Giuseppe Pennisi (Rome, 1942) is a SAIS alumnus (Bologna 1967; Washington 1968)

Pennisi has enjoyed working both in the international and the domestic arena during his career. Internationally, he worked for twenty years, often in a managerial position, for the World Bank Group, the FAO and the ILO. Domestically, he was Director General in the Ministries of Budget and Social Affairs. At the same time, Pennisi pursued an academic career, teaching in various State and private Universities on a part-time basis. From 1995 until retirement in 2009, he was the coordinator of the economics program of the National Administration School.

After retirement from Government service, he continued to teach in two private universities and was advisor to the Cassa Depositi and Prestiti from 2010 to 2015. Since 2010, Pennisi has been a member of the Italian Economic and Social Council, by appointment of the President of the Republic who awarded him the title of ‘Gran Ufficiale al Merito della Republica'. In addition to serving in the Economic and Social Council, since 2015, he has chaired the Scientific Board of the research institute Impresa/Lavoro and contributes to daily papers and magazines. His main field of research is public expenditures evaluation.

Pennisi has authored or co-authored twenty books.

His main extracurricular interest is opera and he attends the opera about twice a week, writing reviews and essays for an Italian and a British daily as well for an Italian quarterly.



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Date and Time
March 14, 2017
11:30am - 1:00pm Local Time

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