Winrich Kühne

Winrich Kühne

Steven Muller Professor
African Studies
Conflict Management
International Development
International Relations

SAIS Europe


  • Balkans
  • Middle East
  • North Africa
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Conflict Resolution and Negotiation
  • Crisis Management
  • Economic Development
  • Human Rights and Democracy
  • Nation-building and Democratization
  • Peacekeeping
  • United Nations
  • French
  • German
  • Spanish

Background and Education

Founding director of the German Center for International Peace Operations (ZiF) in Berlin; former deputy director of the German Research Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP); consultant to the Association of European Parliamentarians (AWEPA); member of the international advisory group to the U.N. Peacekeeping Lessons-Learned Unit; senior adviser to the former EU Crisis Prevention Network; member of the United Nations and Civilian Crisis Prevention Advisory Groups of the German Foreign Office; member of the editorial boards of the Journal of International Peacekeeping and Global Governance; election observer in Malawi (1993), South Africa (1994), Mozambique (1994), Bosnia and Herzegovina (2010), among other places; recipient of the Bundesverdienstkreuz (Order of Merit, Federal Republic of Germany); PhD, international law, University of Munich.

Publications: "West Africa and the Sahel in the Grip of Organized Crime and International Terrorism," in ZIF/SAIS Policy Paper (August 2013); "The Role of Elections in Emerging Democracies and Post-Conflict Countries: Key Issues, Lessons Learned and Dilemmas," published by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (2010); "Peace Operations and Peacebuilding - Key Political, Military, Police and Doctrinal Issue," in International State Building and Reconstruction Efforts(2010); "From Cold War Blue Helmets to Multi-Dimensional Peace Support Operations," in Peacebuilding: A Field Perspective (2000); "Kriege und Konfliktursachen im subsaharischen Afrika," in Jahrbuch Dritte Welt (1999).


2015-04-13 00:00:00 
Fall 2018 
Sub-Saharan Afr...
Sub-Saharan Africa is undergoing one of its most difficult and turbulent phases. Processes of profound political, economic, social and cultural transformation are shaking African societies. Democratization, or the so-called "Second Liberation" which started so hopefully in the early nineties, has run into serious difficulties. State-building, democratization, ethnic and religious diversity, problems of economic development as well as state failure will be major topics to be explored. Pre-colonial rule, Slave trade, the "scramble for Africa" by European colonizers and other basic topics will be dealt with by the Professor at the beginning of the course as important backgrounds for understanding present day as well as future African developments. The challenge how to develop governance systems which are not only in accordance with international standards of democratization but also with local conditions in Sub-Saharan African countries and the need for African ownership will be a guiding issue of this course. (Cross listed International Relations/International Development/African Studies) (CM)
Spring 2019 
Since the end o...
Since the end of the Cold War "peace operations," conducted by a variety of international actors like the UN, EU, NATO, AU, have become a strategic pillar of international peace and security policy. Since the first mission in 1948 a complex variety/generations of missions have evolved. They will be Explorer and discussed in class based on short case studies by students. More than a 150,000 international military, police, and civilians are presently deployed in about two dozen missions, most of them conducted by the UN. However, these missions are struggling with enormous difficulties. There is confusion regarding the use of force and the proper application of basic principles like "impartiality" and "consent" and the more recent demand for better "protection of civilians." Finally, there is increasing skepticism regarding the effectiveness of "post-conflict peacebuilding." At the beginning of the course there will be an introduction into the basic norms and principles of the UN Charta with regard to safeguarding international peace and security. Surprisingly, the terms "bluehelmets" and "peacekeeping" are unknown to the UN Charta. (Crossed listed International Relations/International Development/African Studies) (CM/IL)