Conflict Management

Conflict Management Program

Curriculum

 

Conflict Management | M.A. Academic Requirements

Conflict Management Program Goals and Objectives

Entering Class 2014-2015

Students must take the equivalent of 16 non-language courses (64 credits) in order to graduate.  Those students who are approved for dual degree or advanced standing may only need to take 12 or 14 courses as approved by Academic Affairs.

 

CONFLICT MANAGEMENT

Students concentrating in Conflict Management (CM) must take at least 4 courses within this program. Only one of the four required CM courses may be cross-listed, starting with a prefix other than SA.640.XXX. The course Principles and Practices of Conflict Management (SA.640.718) is strongly encouraged for all students in their first year of study who have not taken a similar course.

 

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Students must also fulfill the general requirements for International Relations (IR) which include 2 additional courses within IR from two different IR or selected Policy areas other than CM. These areas include:

IR Areas:
·         Global Theory and History
·         International Law and Organizations
Policy Areas:
·         Energy, Resources and Environment
·         Strategic Studies
 
IR students studying at SAIS Europe must take at least three IR courses in Washington with the exception of dual-degree or advanced-standing students, who need must take at least two IR courses in Washington.

 

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS

Students must complete 4 courses within this program.
·         Microeconomics
·         Macroeconomics (prerequisite or concurrent Microeconomics)
·         International Trade Theory (prerequisite Microeconomics)
·         International Monetary Theory (prerequisite Macroeconomics)
 
Eligible students who pass the waiver exams in these subjects or who pass Micro and/or Macro in Pre-Term must replace those courses with alternate economics courses. Many students choose to pursue an International Economics Specialization in one of four areas of economics and therefore use electives to meet these requirements. Students may also choose to specialize in Emerging Markets.

 

QUANTITATIVE REASONING

Students must complete one course from the list below.
·         Statistical Methods for Business & Economics 
·         Econometrics (prerequisite Statistical Methods for Business & Economics)
·         Applied Econometrics (prerequisite Econometrics)
·         Macro Econometrics (prerequisite Econometrics)
·         Risk Analysis and Modeling
·         Corporate Finance (prerequisite or concurrent Microeconomics)
·         Quantitative Methods in International Relations (prerequisite Statistical Methods for Business & Economics)
 
Students may not double-count a Quantitative Reasoning requirement as one of the four required International Economics courses and vice-versa. Eligible students who pass the statistics waiver exam or pass the statistics course in Pre-Term are still required to take an alternate Quantitative Reasoning course from the list above.

 

CORE COURSES/EXAMS

All SAIS students must pass 2 core exams and/or courses. CM concentrators must pass Theories of International Relations as one of their core requirements prior to the start of their third semester. If the second core is not completed by the start of the final semester, a student must enroll in second core course.
·         American Foreign Policy Since World War II
·         Comparative National Systems
·         Evolution of the International Systems
·         Theories of International Relations

 

LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY

MA candidates must pass exams to demonstrate proficiency in a second language. This language must be offered at SAIS. Students whose native language is not English may use English as their proficiency language. All non-native English speakers are required to pass an English placement exam upon entering SAIS, even if not using English for proficiency.

 

CAPSTONE

Conflict Management concentrators must produce a research paper of publishable quality completed during their final semester from previous work of one of the four Conflict Management courses required above. It must be approved in final form in order to take the MA Oral Exam to compete for honors (if eligible) and to graduate. A prize for the best program paper is awarded at graduation. This requirement is normally fulfilled by:
 
1.     Taking and passing Capstone Research Seminar (SA.640.800); or
2.     Taking and passing Negotiation Practicum (SA.640.749)—when offered
3.     Taking and passing Patterns of Protest & Revolt (SA.640.762); second-year students only; or
4.     Producing a research paper of publishable quality not associated with a class, during a student’s final semester.* This requires approval from the Program Director and is not eligible to receive the “best paper” award. A draft is due by April 1, and final paper by May 1.
 
*For those whose final semester is fall, consult the Program Director for due date.

 

PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS BY ACADEMIC YEAR

Entering Class 2013-2014
Entering Class 2012-2013
Entering Class 2011-2012
Entering Class 2010-2011
Entering Class 2009-2010

Curriculum

 

Conflict Management | M.A. Academic Requirements

Conflict Management Program Goals and Objectives

Entering Class 2014-2015

Students must take the equivalent of 16 non-language courses (64 credits) in order to graduate.  Those students who are approved for dual degree or advanced standing may only need to take 12 or 14 courses as approved by Academic Affairs.

 

CONFLICT MANAGEMENT

Students concentrating in Conflict Management (CM) must take at least 4 courses within this program. Only one of the four required CM courses may be cross-listed, starting with a prefix other than SA.640.XXX. The course Principles and Practices of Conflict Management (SA.640.718) is strongly encouraged for all students in their first year of study who have not taken a similar course.

 

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Students must also fulfill the general requirements for International Relations (IR) which include 2 additional courses within IR from two different IR or selected Policy areas other than CM. These areas include:

IR Areas:
·         Global Theory and History
·         International Law and Organizations
Policy Areas:
·         Energy, Resources and Environment
·         Strategic Studies
 
IR students studying at SAIS Europe must take at least three IR courses in Washington with the exception of dual-degree or advanced-standing students, who need must take at least two IR courses in Washington.

 

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS

Students must complete 4 courses within this program.
·         Microeconomics
·         Macroeconomics (prerequisite or concurrent Microeconomics)
·         International Trade Theory (prerequisite Microeconomics)
·         International Monetary Theory (prerequisite Macroeconomics)
 
Eligible students who pass the waiver exams in these subjects or who pass Micro and/or Macro in Pre-Term must replace those courses with alternate economics courses. Many students choose to pursue an International Economics Specialization in one of four areas of economics and therefore use electives to meet these requirements. Students may also choose to specialize in Emerging Markets.

 

QUANTITATIVE REASONING

Students must complete one course from the list below.
·         Statistical Methods for Business & Economics 
·         Econometrics (prerequisite Statistical Methods for Business & Economics)
·         Applied Econometrics (prerequisite Econometrics)
·         Macro Econometrics (prerequisite Econometrics)
·         Risk Analysis and Modeling
·         Corporate Finance (prerequisite or concurrent Microeconomics)
·         Quantitative Methods in International Relations (prerequisite Statistical Methods for Business & Economics)
 
Students may not double-count a Quantitative Reasoning requirement as one of the four required International Economics courses and vice-versa. Eligible students who pass the statistics waiver exam or pass the statistics course in Pre-Term are still required to take an alternate Quantitative Reasoning course from the list above.

 

CORE COURSES/EXAMS

All SAIS students must pass 2 core exams and/or courses. CM concentrators must pass Theories of International Relations as one of their core requirements prior to the start of their third semester. If the second core is not completed by the start of the final semester, a student must enroll in second core course.
·         American Foreign Policy Since World War II
·         Comparative National Systems
·         Evolution of the International Systems
·         Theories of International Relations

 

LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY

MA candidates must pass exams to demonstrate proficiency in a second language. This language must be offered at SAIS. Students whose native language is not English may use English as their proficiency language. All non-native English speakers are required to pass an English placement exam upon entering SAIS, even if not using English for proficiency.

 

CAPSTONE

Conflict Management concentrators must produce a research paper of publishable quality completed during their final semester from previous work of one of the four Conflict Management courses required above. It must be approved in final form in order to take the MA Oral Exam to compete for honors (if eligible) and to graduate. A prize for the best program paper is awarded at graduation. This requirement is normally fulfilled by:
 
1.     Taking and passing Capstone Research Seminar (SA.640.800); or
2.     Taking and passing Negotiation Practicum (SA.640.749)—when offered
3.     Taking and passing Patterns of Protest & Revolt (SA.640.762); second-year students only; or
4.     Producing a research paper of publishable quality not associated with a class, during a student’s final semester.* This requires approval from the Program Director and is not eligible to receive the “best paper” award. A draft is due by April 1, and final paper by May 1.
 
*For those whose final semester is fall, consult the Program Director for due date.

 

PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS BY ACADEMIC YEAR

Entering Class 2013-2014
Entering Class 2012-2013
Entering Class 2011-2012
Entering Class 2010-2011
Entering Class 2009-2010

Waiver Exams

Faculty

Pages

Featured Courses

Conflict Management Course Offerings 2014-2015

General Conflict Management Requirements:
Students concentrating in Conflict Management must take at least four courses within the Conflict Management Program.  One of these courses must fulfill the “capstone” requirement specified below.  Conflict Management 640.718, “Principles and Practices of Conflict Management,” is also strongly recommended for all students who have not previously taken a similar course, preferably in the first year of study.  One of the four required courses may be offered in another field if it is also “cross listed” with Conflict Management.  Students must also fulfill the general requirements for the International Relations field, that is an additional course from each of two IR programs other than Conflict Management.  Students must pass the Theories of International Relations Core Exam or must pass the Theories of International Relations course by the end of their second semester.

One of the four Conflict Management courses must satisfy the “capstone” requirement of a publishable quality paper completed during the student’s final semester.  The requirement may normally be fulfilled either by taking Conflict Management 640.800 “Capstone Research Seminar” or Conflict Management 640.749, “Negotiation Practicum” (if offered).  In both cases, the research paper must be approved in final form in order to graduate; candidates for honors must have their paper approved prior to scheduling their oral exam.  A prize for the best program paper is awarded at graduation.

CROSS-LISTED COURSES
(CM students may choose ONE cross-listed course to count as one of their CM courses.  Additional cross-listed courses will go toward students’ electives)

  1. Fall 2014

    Conflict Management Field Trip

    Fifteen students selected through an essay application process participate in...

  2. Fall 2014

    PeaceKidZ Workshop

    The PeaceKidZ program aims to develop children’s ability to understand,...

  3. Fall 2014

    Principles and Practices of Conflict Management

    Examines phases of conflict and techniques that may be introduced...

  4. Fall 2014

    International Mediation

    The course provides an in-depth study of the current state...

  5. Fall 2014

    Environmental Negotiations

    The course analyzes the process of international negotiations on environmental...

  6. Spring 2015

    Dispute Settlement Methods

    Examines hands-on tactics of dispute settlement and mediation on both...

  7. Spring 2015

    Capstone Research Seminar

    Seminar within which students research and write their program paper,...

  8. Spring 2015

    International Bargaining and Negotiation

    Examines bargaining and negotiations from the theoretical and policy perspectives...

  9. Spring 2015

    Post-War Stabilization and Transition

    Since the end of the Cold War, the international community...

  10. Spring 2015

    Contentious Politics: Protest and Revolt

    Explores the basis of protest and revolt in Africa, in...

  11. Fall 2014

    International Water: Issues and Policies

    Is it true as recent headlines suggest that our fragile...

  12. Spring 2015

    Conflict and the African Great Lakes

    Africa’s Great Lakes region has become synonymous with conflict. Over...

  13. Spring 2015

    Behavioral Sociology of Conflict

    Considers the importance of culture in the operationalization of modernity...

  14. Spring 2015

    UN and International Security

    What is the role of the United Nations in maintaining...

  15. Spring 2015

    Nuclear Non-Proliferation Challenges in the 21st Century

    Nuclear energy can be used for peaceful purposes or for...

  16. The Arab-Israeli Peace Process

    Explores Arab-Israeli diplomacy, its practice and history. Examines the role...

  17. Research Seminar: Conflict Management Toolkit

    NON CREDIT COURSEThe team develops conflict management applications for the...

Program Activities

 

Conflict Management Field Trip

Twelve to 15 students selected through an essay application process participate in a research trip to a designated conflict or post-conflict region during the winter intersession. During the trip, students interview local government officials and representatives of the international community, NGOs, academia and the media in order to assess the role of the international community and prospects for progress in the region. Upon return, students prepare an extensive report of their analysis and conclusions.

To view previous trip reports, please click here.
 

Co-Curricular Activities

The program occasionally organizes an international conference on a topic related to conflict management. A series of lectures outside of courses and other various activities are held throughout the year.

 

Conflict Management Internships

An internship is highly recommended for Conflict Management students. A number of Washington, D.C., agencies offer internships each year in the field of conflict management. Consult the program office for information.

Program Activities: Washington, D.C.

Program Activities: Europe

Program Activities: Nanjing

Events



2014

  1. WIN (Washington Interest in Negotiation) Meeting: Democratizing Negotiation 12:30 PM - 2:00 PM Oct30

    Bertram Spector, editor-in-chief of International Negotiation, executive director of the Center for Negotiation Analysis, and senior technical director at Management Systems International, will discuss this topic.

  2. Conflict Management Program Field Trip Briefing: Colombia Peace Process 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM Oct30

    Marc Chernick, director of the Center for Latin American Studies and associate professor of political science in the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, will discuss this topic. Note: This event is off the record.

2014

  1. Conflict Prevention and Resolution: Ebola, Health Security, Conflict and Peacebuilding 9:30 AM - 11:00 AM Oct14

    Richard Garfield, emergency response and recovery team lead for assessment, surveillance, and information management at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Deborah Rosenblum, executive vice pesident of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, will discuss this topic. Note: This event will have a live webcast.

  2. Washington Interest in Negotiation Meeting: Lessons for Negotiation from the Infitadat 12:30 PM - 2:00 PM Sep24

    The Conflict Management Program will host a seminar for local academics and experts in the field of negotiation to discuss one another’s work and papers. I. William Zartman, professor emeritus and Blaustein Chair of International Organization and Conflict Resolution, will discuss this topic. Note: This event is off the record.

  3. Conflict Prevention and Resolution: Is the World Falling Apart? 9:30 AM - 11:00 AM Sep16

    Sarah Chayes, senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program and the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Marc Gopin, director of the Center on Religion, Diplomacy, and Conflict Resolution at George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution; and George Lopez, vice president of the Academy for International Conflict Management and Peacebuilding at the United States Institute of Peace, will discuss this topic. P. Terrence Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program, will provide opening remarks. Note: This event will have a live webcast.

  4. Conflict Management Program Field Trip Meeting: Colombia 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM Sep8

    P. Terrence Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program, will discuss the Conflict Management Program's upcoming research trip to Columbia for interested students. 

  5. PeaceKidZ Information Session 1:30 PM - 2:00 PM Sep3

    I. William Zartman, professor emeritus of international organization and conflict resolution, and Isabelle Talpain-Long, program coordinator for the Conflict Management Program, will discuss the PeaceKidZ program for interested students.

  6. Conflict Management Program Meeting 12:00 PM - 1:30 PM Sep3

    P. Terrence Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program, will discuss courses, requirements, field trip, and capstone requirements. 

  7. The Andi Leadership Institute for Young Women (ALI) Closing Ceremony 3:00 PM - 5:00 PM Aug22

    Jaime Horn, director of the Andi Leadership Institute, and Kim Massey, program director at the Andi Leadership Institute, will speak during the closing ceremony for the eight participants taking part in this year's program. 

  8. South China Seas Crisis Negotiation Simulation 5:30 PM - 7:30 PM Aug12

    The International Peace and Security Institute will host an interactive simulation exploring this topic. 

  9. Confronting the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria: Challenges and Options 12:00 PM - 2:00 PM Jul24

    Richard Clarke, chairman of the board of governors of the The Middle East Institute; Steve Simon, senior fellow at The Middle East Institute; Randa Slim, director of the Track II Dialogues Initiative; and Daniel Serwer, a senior research professor in the Conflict Management Program, will discuss this topic. 

  10. Perspectives from the Middle East: Israeli and Palestinian Voices from New Story Leadership 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM Jul10

    Ten students, five from Israel and five from Palestine, will share their stories and projects on this topic. 

Our Alumni

External Resources

 

Conflict Management Toolkit

International Conflict Management is a dynamic, interdisciplinary field, constantly evolving as a response to problems in International Relations. Theoretically located between social and behavioral science, it is the point at which these perspectives meet and sometimes clash. Conflict management can be functionally understood by what it seeks to accomplish.

Conflict Management aims to:

  • Prevent the eruption of destructive conflict.
  • Facilitate a move from violent to spoken conflict.
  • Enable a transformation from conflict to lasting peace by addressing root causes and effects of conflict.


The Conflict Management Toolkit identifies five devices or strategies of conflict management:

At different phases of a conflict the multiple strategies of conflict management respond to barriers in the process in different ways: Conflict Prevention is an approach that seeks to resolve disputes before violence breaks out; Peacemaking transforms the conflict from violent to spoken, and further, toward the definition of a common peaceful solution; Peacekeeping missions are often required to halt violence and preserve peace once it is obtained. If successful, those missions can strengthen the opportunity for post-conflict Peacebuilding, which should function to prevent the recurrence of violence by addressing the root causes of conflict and creating a stable and durable peace. Finally, Statebuilding is the process of reconstructing weak or collapsed infrastructure and institutions of a society - political, economic and civil - in order for civil society and politics to begin to function normally.

It may be difficult or even undesirable to come up with exact definitions of these concepts. Trying to define the tasks that go into each "strategy" would risk limiting rather than expanding the means by which conflicts can be managed. It is therefore useful to look at these concepts in terms of the goals and aims of those strategies, the targets of particular actions, and in terms of the specific problems that need to be addressed. Each strategy addresses specific problems that occur during the Conflict Process:

  • Conflict Prevention: Politicization, militarization, escalation.
  • Peacemaking: Perceived incompatibility of interests.
  • Peacekeeping: Violent behavior/military activity.
  • Peacebuilding: Negative attitudes/socio-economic structure.
  • Statebuilding: Collapsed States and weak or non-existing civil and political institutions.
     

In an effort to merge theory and practice, the SAIS Conflict Management Toolkit approaches conflict and conflict management from three perspectives: Approaches, Issues in Practice, and Resources.

Approaches

The aim of the theoretical analysis of conflict is to develop an understanding of the variables, processes, strategies, and techniques that interact to form the basis for Conflict Management. These enable us to analyze, understand, explain and predict conflict and the mechanisms that contribute to its solution. We organize conflict management into five overlapping and interrelated areas: Conflict Prevention, Peacekeeping, Peacemaking, Post-conflict Peacebuilding, and Statebuilding. Rather than providing a package of tools and strategies that have to be stretched in order to apply to a variety of conflict situations, the approaches presented here attempt to identify the challenges that Conflict Management faces in practice and ways to deal with them. Instead of playing one strategy off against another, the toolkit looks at how these approaches can interact through a focus on problems, target groups, actors, and tasks involved.

Issues In Practice

The Challenge for Conflict Management Theory is to study real problems in the real world rather than just ideal cases. In the Issues in Practice section a number of topics that confront theoreticians and practitioners on all levels of activity are introduced and analyzed in view of the theoretical approaches. Most of these issues are answers to problems that span across the entire field of Conflict Management, or crosscutting agendas that have to be dealt with in order for the theoretical approaches to truly tackle the reality of conflicts. It involves evaluating the effectiveness of Conflict management as well as its readiness to deal with new problems and new issues, such as terrorism.

Resources

The resources section provides a guide to different organizations and practitioners working in the field of Conflict Management in its link section and it offers information about similar conflict management initiatives. The practitioners are usually mediators, negotiators, diplomats, facilitators, relief workers, or even the conflicting parties themselves. The tasks range from negotiating cease-fires to providing social and psychological healing to those who have been most affected by the violence. The "organizations" involved these activities can be sovereign states, agencies, international organizations, diplomats or other actors that support, organize and fund those working in the field. They provide training, legitimization, knowledge, resources, early warning and experience. This section also includes syllabi from several dfferent conflict management courses, both at SAIS and elsewhere, and links to a multitude of journals focusing on conflict management-related issues. It also offers a list of useful links to the websites of NGOs, government agencies, donor organizations, media outlets, and research institutions that work in conflicts worldwide. A glossary and historiography explain common conflict management terms and their theoretical evolution. The section offers a look into "Peacekidz," a SAIS project to adapt international conflict management to everyday life - a team of SAIS students research and design a conflict resolution program for middle school children and teaches it weekly at Francis C. Hammond Middle School in Alexandria, Virginia.

As new concepts emerge and agendas expand, we need ways with which to classify and understand new information. The Conflict Management Toolkit attempts to arrange the concepts and terms of Conflict Management into meaningful theoretical and practical categories. These categories then become more comprehensible and useful for students, practitioners and academics. We hope that this highlights both the importance, as well as the interdependence of both theory and practice to conflict management. In the words of the Swedish negotiator to the Kyoto Protocol, Bo Kjellen: "I only knew negotiations through my practical experience and started to read the theory only towards the end of my career. I think it would have helped me a lot had I known the theory earlier." (World Bank Seminar on International Waters, 27 February 2002).

CMToolkit is the work of the Conflict Management Program of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS-CM) and is made available to the Alliance for Peacebuilding (AfP) and its members as part of the Program’s participation in AfP. All materials in the Toolkit may be used with appropriates attribution.

Reactions and suggestions (and appreciations) are welcome. All correspondence should be addressed to CMToolkit@jhu.edu.

Contact Us

P. Terrence Hopmann
Professor of International Relations, Director of the Conflict Management Program

pthopmann@jhu.edu
Rome 416

Isabelle Talpain-Long
Program Coordinator

ConflictManagement@jhu.edu
Rome 420

Address & Phone

Conflict Management
Rome Building
1619 Massachusetts Ave., N.W.
Washington, D.C.
20036
  • 202-663-5745