History of the Center for Canadian Studies
Why Research Canada?
Research Program
Canada's Pharmaceutical Sector and Intellectual Property Protection: Implications for Global Trade Liberalization
Thinking Big: The Future of North American Infrastructure Development and Integration
Funding Collaboration in the Context of Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation
Canada-United States Information Sharing in the Regulatory Context
Donner Foundation Research Roundtables
Thomas O. Enders Lecture
Canadian Election Observatory 2015
Oxford - Hopkins Conference on North America
Center Impact
Columbus Statement on U.S.-Canadian Relations
Meet Us [26]
Connect With Us
Practicum 2017: Natural Gas Development
The Johns Hopkins Center for Canadian Studies is a university-based policy research institute on Canada. The Center links world class scholarship on Canadian affairs to the study of current events and policy challenges in support of the university’s academic mission. Located in Washington, DC, the Center sponsors research and events, hosts visiting scholars, and engages outstanding graduate students in scholarship related to Canada, the challenges of US-Canadian relations and the role of Canada around the world.
The Center for Canadian Studies was founded at Johns Hopkins SAIS in 1960 by Bela Belassa and Canadian-born future Nobel laureate Robert Mundell, both members of the Johns Hopkins University faculty of Economics. The Center and its research and related activities form an integral part of the academic program in Canadian Studies [27], under the direction of Professor Charles F. Doran.


From its earliest days, Johns Hopkins University has attracted faculty, students, and researchers from Canada to its undergraduate and graduate schools.

The Johns Hopkins University Center for Canadian Studies was established at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in 1960 as the only graduate teaching and research institution in the United States concentrating on Canadian affairs. Robert Mundell, a Canadian and future Nobel laureate in economics, was then on the faculty and lent support to the idea. In 1969, shortly after the centennial of Canadian confederation, the generous support of the Arthur Vining Davis Foundation and the William H. Donner Foundation endowed the Davis-Donner Foundations Chair in Canadian Studies. Professor Dale Thomson, born in Alberta and a former advisor to Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent, was the first director of the Center. The Center attracted scholars and policymakers to join the Johns Hopkins faculty, including former Governor of the Bank of Canada David Dodge and Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa, and Johns Hopkins hosted addresses by leading Canadian political figures regularly.

In 1980, Charles F. Doran became the first American to direct the Center. A distinguished scholar of international relations and a Johns Hopkins SAIS alumnus (MA from  ’66, PhD from JHU ’69), Doran gathered an advisory board for Canadian studies that included some of Canada’s most prominent business and policy leaders. With input from these advisors, he gradually reoriented Canadian studies from a focus on Canada’s particular institutions and features to a more nuanced contextual appreciation of Canada as an energy market leader, a dynamic and durably successful commodity economy, an archetypal “middle power” managing asymmetric power relations with countries like the United States and China, a federal system that has grappled with regionalism and Quebec aspirations to independence, deeply linked with the US economy and in many ways in the vanguard of Western Hemisphere integration, and a society of immigrants whose labor market challenges have lessons for the United States. This shift has opened the study of Canada to students in all SAIS departments and majors, attracting students from Asia, Europe, and Latin America majoring in American Foreign Policy, Energy Resources and Environment, and Strategic Studies to Canadian studies courses.

By incorporating Canada into the study of practical problems confronting policymakers, investors and others, Doran brought Canadian Studies into line with the three primary goals of the school established by its founders, Paul H. Nitze and Christian A. Herter Jr.:

  • To provide a professional education that simultaneously adheres to the highest standards of scholarship and takes a practical approach to training students for international leadership.
  • To conduct scholarly research related to the concerns of public and private institutions of the United States and governments of other countries and disseminate that research to a broad audience concerned with foreign relations.
  • To offer mid-career educational opportunities for those already working in international affairs.

These goals are increasingly relevant in regard to the study of Canada as more US leaders in the public and private sectors interact with Canadian counterparts on shared challenges, and as Canada is seen by more world leaders as a model or as a potential ally in addressing urgent global and regional concerns.

Canada has been the United States’ largest trading partner for more than a century, and Canada is the top foreign supplier of US energy (oil, natural gas, electricity, and uranium). The two countries negotiated a series of bilateral trade agreements before working together with Mexico on the North American Free Trade Agreement and the ongoing Trans Pacific Partnership talks. Canadians are also major investors in the United States, and since 2005 the two countries have entered into regulatory cooperation talks aimed at governing cross-border integrated supply chains covering everything from agriculture to nanotechnology.

Canada is a strategic ally, with close military ties to the United States reinforced through NORAD, NATO, and a history of battlefield cooperation from Europe to Afghanistan. Since September 2001, Canada has been the United States’ closest partner in confronting terrorism in North America, along the 5525-mile shared border and beyond: the two countries operate an array of joint cargo inspection protocols, trusted traveler and shipper programs, standing law enforcement task forces coordinating federal and local efforts in the land and maritime domains including major cities, cybersecurity measures and broad, structured intelligence sharing.

Today, nearly every US federal department and agency has a direct relationship with its Canadian counterpart. The US Congress debates Canadian interests routinely, and is a major focus for Canadian diplomacy. Members of the US and Canadian supreme courts have even developed regular exchanges and meetings to discuss the intersection of the two legal systems. The National Governors Association and regional governors associations in New England, the Great Lakes, and the Pacific Northwest meet annually (and sometimes more often) with Canadian provincial premiers, and the Council of State legislatures now includes Canadian provincial legislators in meetings and activities.

Beyond North America, Canada contributes to international cooperation, security and development with an increasingly global reach. A leading voice in global economic diplomacy, Canada is member of the Group of Seven leading industrial economies, the G-20, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and a contributing member of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the Inter-American Development Bank. Canada is also a founding member of the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. Canadian regional diplomacy has resulted in a strong role for Canada in the Arctic Council, the Organization of American States, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the Commonwealth and the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. The archetypical “middle power” Canadian diplomacy has worked to establish consensus with other governments, playing an outsized role in world affairs despite having only 34 million people.

The close ties between the United States and Canada are the product of geographic proximity, cultural similarity, and practical necessities. Yet few of the growing number of US policymakers and public service professionals have an adequate knowledge of Canadian affairs; the Center for Canadian Studies at Johns Hopkins SAIS is dedicated to redressing this knowledge gap by supporting events that prompt dialogue, research that produces insight, and scholars who can be leaders.


The Center for Canadian Studies has a number of ongoing research projects. For more information on sepcific projects, see the items below. Members of the school community interested in opportunties to get involved should contact Christopher Sands. 

This paper, commissioned by the Fraser Institute in Vancouver, BC will set out the current status of IP protection for drug and medical device companies from an international perspective. The paper should encompass a discussion of the WTO regarding IP protection as it applies to pharmaceutical and medical device companies, as well as the positions taken by the U.S., Canada and other countries in the ongoing Doha Round of trade negotiations, as well as the TPP negotiations. The paper will also address the policies of large emerging market economies, most notably China and Brazil – including their use of TRIPS flexibilities and specific pieces of domestic legislation that permit the production of generic copies of patented drugs by home country domestic manufacturers. The implications of such policies of the U.S. Canadian and Western European drug and medical device companies will be discussed‎. The paper will conclude with a consideration of the implications of the trends in international IP negotiations for Canada's domestic IPR regime which has been challenged by the U.S and other developed countries for its similarities to developing county regimes that enable generic drugs production for the domestic market at the expense of foreign patent holders. The paper will offer a perspective on the question of whether the Canadian approach to IPR  represents a sustainable compromise, or one that will be forced to change by international pressure.

A panel of experts, chaired by Dr. Christopher Sands, will discuss the current state and future of North American Integration, with a specific focus on Infrastructure. The discussion will explore the value of bilateral approaches to infrastructure development and integration as a driver of economic and social growth. Public-Private partnerships and other financing options, as well as planning and permitting processes, will be addresses, along with the practical issues surrounding major projects. This event will contribute to a look back at past initiatives, an examination of lessons learned from contemporary projects, and vision into the future of joint action.The session is intended to highlight issues that could form the core of a future reserach project.

This discussion will take place on October 29, 2015, from 2:30 – 4:30 pm at Steptoe & Johnson. The panel is sponsored by the Canada-United States Law Institute, a joint initiative of the law schools of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio and Western University in London Ontario; students and faculty interested in attending the panel should contact Dr. Sands.. 

Research commissioned by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs) and the Canadian Privy Council Office (Regulatory Cooperation Council Secretariat) and conducted by the Center for Canadian Studies and Dickinson Wright PLLC. SAIS students conduct interviews with senior public officials in order to examine Canadian and U.S. instruments and practices (e.g. statutes, regulations, policies, administrative procedures, etc.) with a view to identifying opportunities to facilitate collaboratve funding in the context of regulatory cooperation efforts.

Research commissioned by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs) and the Canadian Privy Council Office (Regulatory Cooperation Council Secretariat) and conducted by the Center for Canadian Studies and Dickinson Wright PLLC. SAIS students conduct interviews with senior public officials in order to identify what information sharing and use of information bbetween Canadian and U.S. regulators is required in the course of cooperative regulatory activities and to identify examples where this is being done we;; and what opportunities may exist to expand best practices and approaches.

The Center for Canadian Studies hosts and collaborates on several events each semester. To find out more abou these events, and to join our events notification list, please contact Starr Lee at starr.lee@jhu.edu [29]

How do transitions unfold, step by step? How will the new U.S. administration and the 115th Congress address the issues on the bilateral agenda with the United States’ largest trading partner and key ally, Canada? How will the government of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau adapt to the new configuration of power in Washington, D.C.?
These questions will be addressed by a post-election panel including Dan Restrepo, former Special Assistant to President Obama for National Security Affairs in the Western Hemisphere; Dr. Charles F. Doran, Andrew Mellon Professor of International Relations and author of Forgotten Partnership: U.S. Canada Relations Today and Dr. Christopher Sands, Senior Research Professor and Director of the Center for Canadian Studies.  Dr. Tamara Woroby, Senior Adjunct Professor of Canadian Studies will moderate the panel.
Canada in the New Washington

With the support of the Donner Canadian Foundation, this forum brings distinguished researchers to campus to discuss ongoing work, challenges in obtaining and analyzing data, and framing actionable policy recommendations.Faculty and stuidents are invited to participate, offer suggestions and ask questions related to their own research challenges related to Canadian public policy, US-Canadian relations, the Canadian business and economic environment, and other pressing topics.

The Thomas O. Enders Memorial Lecture is named for the distinguished diplomat who served as United States Ambassador to Canada for President Gerald R. Ford and President James Earl Carter. Enders held a number of other important posts during his foreign service career, including as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs, Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, and US Ambassador to Spain. In 1963, while serving as an economist in the Bureau of European Affairs, he encountered the pioneering work on optimal currency areas by Johns Hopkins University Professor of Economics Robert Mundell, a Canadian and future Nobel Laureate in Economics who was the founder of the Center for Canadian Studies at Johns Hopkins SAIS. The Thomas and Gaetana Enders Foundation sponsors this annual lecture on U.S.-Canadian relations with a particular focus on economic issues.

The 2017-2018 Thomas O. Enders Memorial Lecture was given by the Honorable Kathleen Wynne, Premier of Ontario and Member of the Provincial Parliament for Don Valley West on the topic, "Ontario’s view on Renegotiating NAFTA: Building Economic Opportunities and Fairness on Both Sides of the Border."

Previous Enders Lectures have been given by:


Dr. Malcolm Knight (2012-2013)

Vice Chairman, Deutsche BankGroup and former Senior Deputy Governor, Bank of Canada

“ Surmounting the Financial Crisis: Lessons from the Canadian Experience”


Dr. John M. Deutch (2013-2014)

Professor of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and former Under Secretary of Energy, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

“Shale Gas: Obstacles of Opportunities?”


Dr. Gary Clyde Hufbauer (2014-2015)

Reginald Jones Senior Fellow of the Peterson Institute for International Economics and former Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Trade and Investment Policy

“Canada, the United States and Trade Reforms: Best Friends, Best Partners, Best Potential Competitors?”

Hon. Rachel Notley (2015-2016)
Premier of Alberta and Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta for Edmonton-Strathcona. "Alberta's Climate Leadership Plan and Opportunities for Canada-U.S. Climate and Energy Collaboration"

Hon. Andrew Leslie (2016-2017)
Member of Parliament for Orleans and Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Canada-U.S. Relations
"Advancing Canada's Interests and Defending Canadian Values in Washington"

 Watch Kathleen Wynne give the 2017-2018 Enders Lecture:

This informal gathering of students, faculty, and staff will track the Canadian general election campaign until Canadians go to the polls on October 19. Discussions will include candidates, parties, polls, and local issues that may influence the outcome.

Join us in Nitze 504 from 4:30 to 5:30 pm on the following dates**:

Monday, August 17
Monday, August 24
Monday, August 31

Monday, September 14
Monday, September 21
Monday, September 28

Monday, October 5
Monday, October 12

** Note: There will be no meeting on Monday, September 7 due to the Labor Day holdiday

In November 2014, St. Antony's College, Oxford University hosted an interdisciplinary conference to mark the 20th anniversary of the ratification of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This conference was organized in cooperation with Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies and featured presentations by professors Francisco E. Gonzalez and Christopher Sands. 

In September 2015, Johns Hopkins University hosted a second conference on the future of North American regionalism with the participation of the North American Studies Programm at St. Antony's College Oxford, directed by Dr. Halbert Jones III..

The Future of North American Regionalism
September 11, 2015
Kenney Auditorium, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, DC

8:30 Welcome
Summary of Oxford Conference Proceedings: Halbert Jones, St. Antony’s College Oxford
Overview of Hopkins Conference Agenda: Christopher Sands, Johns Hopkins SAIS
9:00 U.S. National Interests and the Future of North America
Sue Saarnio, Deputy Assistant Secretary for North American Affairs US Department of State
Chair/Discussant: Charles Doran, Johns Hopkins SAIS
10:00 Examining Policy Priorities for Future North American Regionalism
Thomas Long, American University SIS and Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas
Daniel Schwanen, CD Howe Institute
Chair/Discussant: Francisco Gonzalez, Johns Hopkins SAIS
11:00 Civil Society and Human Security: Challenges to North American Regionalism?
Mark Aspinwall, University of Edinburgh and Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas
Laura Macdonald, Carleton University
Monica Serrano, Colégio de México
Chair/Discussant: Tamara Woroby, Johns Hopkins SAIS
12:00 Lunch
1:00 Diplomacy and Commercial Linkages: Has Governance Kept Up?
Theresa Cardinal Brown, Bipartisan Policy Center
Eric Miller, Canadian Council of Chief Executives
Christian Gómez, Jr., Council of the Americas
Chair/Discussant: Duncan Wood, Woodrow Wilson Center
2:00 Widening North America with Atlantic and Pacific Partnerships
Gary Hufbauer, Peterson Institute for International Economics
Joshua P. Meltzer, Brookings Institution
Chair/Discussant: Erik Jones, SAIS Europe
3:00 Close

The Center fo Canadian Studies publishes an online journal on Canada in World Affairs, edited by Center Director, Dr. Christopher Sands.

Submissions are welcomed from faculty, students, and alumni as well as other interested parties. Guidelines for submission to Intrepid are available below.

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Media Folder: 

Columbus Statement on U.S.-Canadian Relations 

Distributed February 13, 2017 
On June 15, 16 and 17 2016 in Columbus, Ohio, stakeholders in the U.S.- Canadian relationship came together on the campus of The Ohio State University to confirm the fundamental principles and essential features of the historic partnership between our two great countries and to explore the parameters of a 21st century relationship.
We are raising our voices together in support of the efforts of the governments of the United States and Canada to strengthen and deepen the bilateral partnership. Improved border and regulatory cooperation, energy and environmental collaboration, and joint efforts in many other areas can facilitate the integration of our markets for goods, services and investment. This was the objective adopted with the ratification of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement and the North American Free Trade Agreement a generation ago. 

Furthermore, we are raising our voices to declare our conviction that a good U.S.-Canada relationship cannot be taken for granted; it must be fostered and recommitted to by leaders in each era. And this work begins with us. Stakeholder voices have always been essential to building a consensus for action among leaders in both countries.

Principles for Managing the U.S.-Canadian Relationship

We approach U.S.-Canadian relations in the spirit of friendship because of the friendship between the people of the United States and Canada. This is why we have maintained good relations successfully since 1814, overcoming disagreements and disputes, natural disasters and global threats.

We acknowledge that interdependence is an abiding and defining feature of the U.S.-Canadian relationship, such that it is imprudent for us to be indifferent to one another when making policy decisions. Supply chains, data flows, transportation infrastructure linkages, pandemic disease vulnerability, and a shared environment cross borders and bind us together; managing these flows is a joint responsibility in the public interest.

We endorse the principle of partnership that has guided the leaders of the United States and Canada since the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 to work together as sovereign equals despite asymmetries of population, wealth and other disparities.

We call on fellow stakeholders and leaders in both countries to respect the principle that disputes should be resolved wherever possible according to a rule of law process, rather than by political or coercive means. Trade dispute settlement mechanisms, domestic courts, institutional fora, and diplomacy should remain the accepted means for the resolution of any conflict.

We believe that a healthy relationship is characterized by the fundamental constitutional principles of our two governments: the management of U.S.-Canadian relations must preserve life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness in the spirit of peace, order and good governance of cross-border flows.
In the 21st century, we hold that the management of U.S.-Canadian relations should unleash the secure flows of goods, services, investment, ideas and people across our shared border consistent with mutual prosperity and security.

A Call for Action

The periodic convening of stakeholders has contributed to good relations between Canada and the United States. These meetings have generated policy alternatives and agendas for constructive engagement that would be impossible for political leaders and officials in Washington D.C. or Ottawa to generate alone, given the diffuse and decentralized nature of this relationship.

In Columbus, we met to establish a new coalition to develop common strategies, coordinate plans for advocacy on behalf of good U.S.-Canadian relations to governments, demonstrate support for the gateways both physical and virtual that connect the two countries and promote engagement by stakeholders in order to work to improve U.S.-Canadian relations as technologies and opportunities change and challenge both countries.
Several challenges confront governments in the United States and Canada. We urge leaders to work together to address them. These include:

  • Innovation is essential to economic growth, and to thriving in the manufacturing and energy sectors of both countries, but requires policy support. This is particularly true in the case of innovative energy solutions that support a healthy environment. A key component of an innovative economy is the legal protection of intellectual property for inventors in all sectors.  Canada should address IP inadequacies in order to spur innovation.
  • Expanded labor mobility is required to match skilled people with employers, innovators with investors, and support the growing cross-border trade in services.
  • Regulatory alignment between the U.S. and Canadian markets are essential to business and current supply chains. The work of the U.S.-Canada Regulatory Cooperation Council has been valuable, and should be sustained, accelerated and expanded in a new effort to address alignment of voluntary standards.
  • Border security, Trade and Travel Facilitation Cooperation between U.S. and Canadian officials must continue to keep citizens safe and seek to reduce the compliance burden (whether measured in terms of time or monetary costs) and error rates in inspections and enforcement actions. Efforts to improve our border relationship are essential, and the Beyond the Border Initiative made important progress. Border cooperation should be reinvigorated with new and innovative solutions that have a commercially significant impact on our border relationship. 
  • Subnational governments, including states, provinces and cities can and do contribute to problem solving and good governance in the U.S.-Canadian relationship and help to connect citizens to bilateral relations. Federal government leaders and stakeholders need to do more to empower and seek input from these governments to participate fully in discussions on local innovation, cross border infrastructure, regulatory alignment, worker education and training, public health, economic development, disaster preparedness and response, energy and environment policies, and security.

In the 21st century, leaders of the United States and Canada must increasingly conceive the bilateral relationship in a global context, and not in isolation. The place of Mexico in a North American partnership, and commercial linkages to markets in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America should be discussed bilaterally, and wherever possible acted upon in a coordinated manner.

U.S.-Canadian Relations from Columbus Forward

We will seek consensus among ourselves to promote specific actions to improve the relationship so that decision makers can work constructively to find lasting solutions with stakeholder support. In Columbus, we, as stakeholders, committed ourselves to dialogue and cooperation that will continue in the spirit of friendship and equal partnership, respecting the imperatives of interdependence and the rule of law in this relationship. Through dialogue, we hope that our efforts will foster new principles and agendas to sustain the U.S.-Canada relationship through the 21st century and beyond.  While we recognize the importance of our political leaders and systems, our shared history reveals that the best policy and practical solutions arise from engagement with the stakeholder community.  As the stakeholder community, we reaffirm our commitment to provide data, recommendations, and resources to demonstrate best practices, develop innovative solutions, and, ultimately, encourage the bilateral relationship.
Signed by:
(listed in alphabetical order by organization/entity name)
Rick Tachuk
American Chamber of Commerce in Canada
Ottawa, Ontario 
Daniel Kolundzic
Binational Research & Innovation Corridor
Hamilton/Niagara, Ontario, Canada
Buffalo/Niagara, New York
Laurie Trautman
Border Policy Research Institute
Western Washington University
Bellingham, Washington
Dottie Gallagher-Cohen
President & CEO
Buffalo Niagara Partnership
Buffalo, New York
Business Council of Canada
Ottawa, Ontario
Kelly D. Johnston
Vice President – Government Affairs
Campbell Soup Company
Camden, New Jersey
R. Glenn Williamson
CEO & Founder
Canada Arizona Business Council
Phoenix, Arizona
Mark R. High
Canada-US Business Association
Detroit, Michigan/Windsor, Ontario
Stephen J. Petras, Jr.
US National Director
Canada-United States Law Institute
Cleveland, Ohio
Carlo Dade
Director, Centre on Trade and Investment Policy
The Canada West Foundation
Calgary, Alberta
Jim Phillips
President & CEO
Canadian/American Border Trade Alliance  (Can/Am BTA)
Lewiston, New York
Maryscott Greenwood
Senior Advisor
Canadian-American Business Council
Washington, DC  
Joy Nott 
President and CEO
Canadian Association of Importers and Exporters (I.E.Canada)
Toronto, Ontario
Paul Meade, M.Sc., MPH
Canadian Business Association of North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
The Honourable Perrin Beatty 
President & Chief Executive Officer 
The Canadian Chamber of Commerce 
Ottawa, Ontario
Mathew Wilson 
Senior Vice President 
Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters
Ottawa, Ontario
David Bradley 
Chief Executive Officer
Canadian Trucking Alliance
Toronto, Ontario
Colin Robertson
Ottawa, Ontario
Mark Fisher
President and CEO
Council of the Great Lakes Region
Cleveland, Ohio and Toronto, Ontario 
Alain Aubertin, Ph.D
Vice-président, Développement des affaires et international
Vice President, Business Development and International
Consortium de recherche et d'innovation en aérospatiale au Québec
Consortium for Research and Innovation in Aerospace in Québec
Montreal, Quebec
Dr. Bill Anderson
The Cross-Border Institute at the University of Windsor
Windsor, Ontario
Ed Wolking
Great Lakes Manufacturing Council
Detroit, Michigan
Alicia M. Duval
Senior Vice-President, Industry Relations and Public Affairs
GS1 Canada
Toronto, Ontario
Dr. Christopher Sands
Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies & 
Director, Center for Canadian Studies
Washington, DC
Dunniela Kaufman
Kaufman Trade Law
Washington, DC
Cyndee Todgham Cherniak
LexSage Professional Corporation
Toronto, Ontario
Jeff Agnew
Washington, DC
Leslie Blakey
Washington, DC
Tiffany Melvin
North American Strategy for Competitiveness (NASCO)
Dallas, Texas
Jeff Musson
Toronto, Ontario
Dan Ujczo
The Ohio-Canada Business Association
Columbus, Ohio
Aaron Bates
Commercialization Executive
The Ohio Federal Research Network
Cleveland, Ohio
Matt Morrison
Executive Director
Pacific NorthWest Economic Region (PNWER)
Seattle, Washington
Eric Miller
Rideau Potomac Strategy Group
Alexandria, Virginia
Tim W. Brown
Toledo Metropolitan Area Council of Governments 
Toledo, Ohio
Dr. Kathryn Friedman
Global Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Canada Institute 
Research Associate Professor of Law & Planning 
University at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York
Beth-Anne Schuelke-Leech, PEng, MBA, PhD
Assistant Professor, Engineering Management and Entrepreneurship
Centre for Engineering Innovation
Department of Mechanical, Automotive, and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
University of Windsor
Windsor, Ontario
Jodi Hanson Bond 
Vice President, Americas
U.S. Chamber of Commerce
Washington, DC
John D. Tennant
Managing Partner                                  
W2N2 Partnership
Waterloo Region, Ontario

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The Center for Canadian Studies
Johns Hopkins University
Nitze School of Advanced International Studies
1740 Massachusetts Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20036
Phone: (202) 663-5714

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The Center for Canadian Studies is sponsoring a new Business Policy Practicum course (SA.840.718) that will focus on natural gas development. Students will research questions posed by British Columbia's Ministry of Natural Gas Development, a real-world client who will communicate with students regularly throughout the course.

Students from across Johns Hopkins are invited to participate in this course, with preference given to students at Johns Hopkins SAIS and the Carey Business School,.

A short video describing the course is available here [32]. The syllabus is included below. For more information, contact Professor Sands at csands@jhu.edu [33]

Business Policy Practicum
Christopher Sands, Ph.D.
Senior Research Professor in Canadian Studies
 Email: csands@jhu.edu Phone: 202-663-7724
Course Description:
The natural gas sector is undergoing a period of profound change globally at a time of low prices and growing global trade of gas in liquefied form. The natural gas industry is an important revenue generator for British Columbia. With new, undeveloped shale gas deposits in the northeast, there is a potential opportunity for growth. In partnership with First Nations and communities British Columbia hopes to attract new investment, job creation and other economic opportunities, while protecting the environment. In addition, through liquefied natural gas (LNG), British Columbia hopes to build a whole new export industry and use this development to spur other positive changes, such as growth in the clean-energy sector. Global trade in LNG doubled between 2000 and 2010. It’s expected to increase by another 50 per cent by 2020.
The Spring 2017 SAIS Business Policy Practicum will analyze the potential impact of natural gas development in British Columbia. The class will work together as a consultancy team that will produce a report along with specific policy recommendations to the Practicum clients, the Government of British Columbia’s Ministry of Natural Gas Development. Students will interact directly with these clients in accordance with an MOU negotiated between SAIS and the Government of Canada (available to students at the first class session).
The Business Policy Practicum has a weekly scheduled meeting every Wednesday from 2:15 to 4:15 pm, and videoconferencing equipment will be reserved and available in the classroom at that time each week. Professor Sands will be available during this period (and at other times by appointment) to consult with students. Weekly sessions may be rescheduled by the student practicum team as appropriate. It is also expected that students will meet at other times during the week in small groups or in order to consult with clients by phone or video conference.
The grade for the course will be composed of the following elements:
Client Satisfaction with the Final Report:      90%
Peer evaluation of individual effort                10%
The client for the project (the Ministry of Natural Gas Development in the Province of British Columbia) will complete an qualitative evaluation at the end of the semester that will address five aspects of the course effort: (1) Professionalism of student interactions; (2) Communication between students and the client; (3) Quality of the research and analysis in the final report; (4) Actionability of policy recommendations; (5) Overall satisfaction with final work product and process. Professor Sands will translate the qualitative feedback into a score for all students.
Peer evaluation will be conducted at the end of the course. Each student will be given a set of points to be distributed among other class members based on the estimation of their contribution to the project. The point assignments will be anonymous and known only to the instructor.
Background Readings:
This course does not have a weekly reading assignment. Instead, the following background readings are required for all students as part of their preparation beginning in the first week of class. Additional readings will be assigned as the course proceeds.
Government of Canada, National Energy Board. The Unconventional Gas Resources of Mississippian-Devonian Shales in the Liard Basin of British Columbia, the Northwest Territories, and Yukon: Energy Briefing Note (March 2016) Available at: http://www.neb-one.gc.ca/nrg/sttstc/ntrlgs/rprt/ltmtptntlbcnwtkn2016/ltmtptntlbcnwtkn2016-eng.pdf [6]
Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada. “LNG Projects in Canada” Available at: http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/energy/natural-gas/5683 [7]
Laura Johnson, Paul Kralovic, Dinara Millington, and Jon Rozhon. Canadian Natural Gas Market Review (Calgary: Canadian Energy Research Institute) June 2016. Available at: http://resources.ceri.ca/PDF/Pubs/Studies/Study_158_Full_Report.pdf [8]
Marc Lee. LNG and Employment in BC. (Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives) July 2015. Available at: https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC%20Office/2015/07/ccpa-bc_LNG_Employment_web.pdf [9]
Allison Robins, Prince Owusu, Dan Munro, and Len Coad. A Changing Tide: British Columbia’s Emerging Liquefied Natural Gas Industry. (Ottawa: Conference Board of Canada) February 2016.
Jon Rozhon and Allan Fogwill. LNG Liquefaction in the Asia-Pacific Market:  Canada’s Place in a Global Game (Calgary: Canadian Energy Research Institute) June 2015. Available at: http://resources.ceri.ca/PDF/Pubs/Studies/Study_148_Full_Report.pdf [10]
Benjamin Zycher and Kenneth P. Green. LNG Exports From British Columbia: The Cost of Regulatory Delay. (Vancouver: Fraser Institute) September 2015. Available at: https://www.fraserinstitute.org/sites/default/files/LNG-exports-from-british-columbia.pdf [11]
Students should also familiarize themselves with information on client web sites, starting with two important strategy documents. The first concerns natural gas development in British Columbia, the second LNG and exports:
Government of British Columbia. British Columbia’s Natural Gas Strategy: Fueling B.C.’s Economy for the Next Decade and Beyond (2012) Available at: http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/farming-natural-resources-and-industry/natural-gas-oil/strategy_natural_gas.pdf [12]
Government of British Columbia. Liquefied Natural Gas: A Strategy for B.C.’s Newest Industry. (2012) Available at: http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/farming-natural-resources-and-industry/natural-gas-oil/strategy_lng.pdf [13]
Students should also familiarize themselves with other information on client web sites:
Government of British Columbia
http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/home [14]
BC Ministry of Natural Gas Development
http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/governments/organizational-structure/ministries-organizations/ministries/natural-gas-development [15]
http://lnginbc.gov.bc.ca/ [16]
BC Ministry of Energy and Mines
http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/governments/organizational-structure/ministries-organizations/ministries/energy-and-mines [17]
BC Ministry of the Environment
http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/governments/organizational-structure/ministries-organizations/ministries/environment [18]
BC Ministry of Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation
http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/governments/organizational-structure/ministries-organizations/ministries/aboriginal-relations-reconciliation [19]
BC Jobs Plan
http://engage.gov.bc.ca/bcjobsplan/ [20]
Ministry of Finance – LNG Income Tax Policy
http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/taxes/natural-resource-taxes/oil-natural-gas/lng-income-tax/lng-income-tax-presentation.pdf [21]
National Energy Board
https://www.neb-one.gc.ca/index-eng.html [22]
BC Oil and Gas Commission
https://www.bcogc.ca/ [23]
Work BC
https://www.workbc.ca/ [24]
Weekly Schedule
February 1     First Class: Briefing on clients, sector, and research questions
February 8     Initial meeting with clients
February 15  Hold for Team Consultation
February 22   Hold for Team Consultation
March 1          Hold for Team Consultation
March 8          Hold for Team Consultation
March 15        Hold for Team Consultation
March 29        Hold for Team Consultation
April 5            Hold for Team Consultation
April 12          Hold for Team Consultation
April 19          Hold for Team Consultation
April 26          Hold for Team Consultation
May 3             Report due to clients