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The Bernard L. Schwartz Globalization Initiative at Johns Hopkins SAIS
Pravin Krishna [3], Academic Co-Chair
Chung Ju Yung Distinguished Professor of International Economics and Business

Matthias Matthijs [4], Academic Co-Chair
Assistant Professor of International Political Economy

In recent decades there has been a renewed focus on international economic integration, both in the United States and in the rest of the world. Dealing with globalization – the increased flow of ideas, of goods and services across international borders, labor migration, international movement of capital, and technological spillover – has become one of the central issues for academics and policymakers.
Both international economists and political scientists have traditionally studied various aspects of globalization, but have too often suffered from what IPE scholar Susan Strange once called “a case of mutual neglect.” Given its long-standing interdisciplinary approach to the study of international relations, Johns Hopkins SAIS is perhaps the ideal place to bring economists and political scientists together to examine the various aspects of globalization in order to gain a better understanding of what is a complex and multifaceted process.
Since July 2012, the Bernard L. Schwartz Globalization Initiative has been co-chaired by Professors Pravin Krishna [3] (an economist) and Matthias Matthijs [4] (a political scientist). The aim of the Initiative is to serve as a platform for high-level academic research and policy discussion that will engage the major issues of the day. Through its academic activities, the Initiative aims to contribute to the debates on international political economy and improve on our understanding of the critical challenges policymakers face in today’s interdependent environment.

The Globalization Initiative was made possible by the generosity of Bernard L. Schwartz [5], Chairman and CEO of BLS Investments, LLC, a private investment firm based in New York City.
*** Past Events ***

Friday, April 24, 2015
4:00 - 5:30pm
Rome Auditorium (1619 Mass Ave NW)

Professors Matthias Matthijs (SAIS) and Mark Blyth (Brown University)

"The Future of the Euro" [6]

Prof. Pravin Krishna (SAIS)

Prof. Michael Mandelbaum (SAIS)


View Event Video [7]


Thursday, January 30, 2014
"US Foreign Policy and the Future of the Global Liberal Order"  [8]
Gideon Rose [9] (Foreign Affairs)
Moderator and discussant: Professor Eliot Cohen [10] 
4:30 - 6:00pm in Kenney Auditorium, Nitze Building (1740 Massachusetts Avenue NW)

Thursday, March 6, 2014
"Average Is Over: Powering America Beyond the Age of the Great Stagnation" [12]
Tyler Cowen [13] (George Mason University)
Moderator: Professor Matthias Matthijs [4] 
4:30 - 6:00pm in Rome Auditorium, Rome Building (1619 Massachusetts Avenue NW)

  • Watch it here [14]

Thursday, April 3, 2014
"The Global Financial Crisis and its Long Aftermath" [15]
Carmen Reinhart [16](Harvard Kennedy School)
Moderator: Professor Carlos Vegh [17] 
Kenney Auditorium, Nitze Building (1740 Massachusetts Avenue NW)

  • Watch it here [18]

Thursday, April 24, 2014
“Why China - and the Rest of Asia - Will Democratize" [19]
Larry Diamond [20] (Stanford University)
Moderator: Professor Matthias Matthijs [4] 
4:30 - 6:00pm in Kenney Auditorium, Nitze Building (1740 Massachusetts Avenue NW)

  •  Watch it here [21]


Thursday, September 5, 2013
"Why Europe is the Other Superpower of the 21st Century (and China is Not)" [22]
Andrew Moravcsik [23](Princeton University)
Moderator: Professor Matthias Matthijs [4]

Thursday, October 10, 2013
"The System Worked: Global Economic Governance During the Great Recession" [25]
Daniel Drezner [26](Tufts University, Fletcher School)
Introduction by Dean Vali Nasr [27] and moderated by Professor Matthias Matthijs [4]

Thursday, November 14, 2013
"Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty" [29]
James Robinson [30] (Harvard University)
Introduction by Professor Matthias Matthijs [4] and moderated by Professor Deborah Brautigam [31]

Thursday, February 7, 2013
"Time to Start Thinking: America in the Age of Descent" [33]
Edward Luce [34] (Financial Times)
Moderator: Professor Michael Mandelbaum [35]

  • Listen to it here [36]
  • Watch it here [37]

Thursday, March 7, 2013
"The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World" [38]
Kishore Mahbubani [39] (Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Singapore)
Moderator Dean Vali Nasr [27]

  • Listen to it here [40]
  • Watch it here [41]

Thursday, April 4, 2013
"Why Growth Matters: How Economic Growth in India Reduced Poverty, and Lessons for Other Developing Countries" [42]
Jagdish Bhagwati [43]and Arvind Panagariya [44](Columbia University)
Moderator: Pravin Krishna [3]

  • Listen to it here [45]
  • Watch it here [46]

Thursday, April 15, 2013
"Austerity: The History of a Dangerous Idea" [47]

Mark Blyth [48] (Brown University, Political Science Department)
Moderator: Matthias Matthijs [4]

Thursday, April 18, 2013
"Understanding Economic Growth" [52]

David Weil [53](Brown University, Economics Department)
Moderator: Leo Feler [54]

Thursday, September 6, 2012
"Lost Decades: The Making of the Global Debt Crisis and the Long Recovery" [58]

Jeffry Frieden [59] (Harvard University)
Moderated by Professor Matthias Matthijs [4]

  • Listen to it here [60]
  • Watch it here [61]

Thursday, October 2, 2012
"No One's World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn" [62]

Charles Kupchan [63] (Georgetown University)
Moderated by Professor Matthias Matthijs [4]

Thursday, October 23, 2012
"Why Aren't Children Learning (and What Do We Do About It?)" [65]

Abhijit Banerjee [66] (MIT)
Moderated by Monica Martinez-Bravo [67]

Thursday, November 8, 2012
Panel Discussion: "Technological Disruption in Education and Labor Markets" [69]

Leila Janah [70] (Founder and CEO, Samasource), John Horton [71] (Economist, oDesk and Harvard Kennedy School), and Manisha Agrawal [72](Principal, Nivideum Corp)
Moderated by Guru Sethupathy

Past Seminars:

Monday, March 30, 2015
12:30 - 2:00pm
Rome 812

Prof. Cornel Ban, Boston University

"The Technocracy of Austerity: The Politics of Expertise in the Troika during the European Sovereign Debt Crisis" [74]


Thursday, February 6, 2014
"Think the US Market Is More Unified and Liberalized than the EU? Think Again!" [75]
Craig Parsons [76] (University of Oregon)
4:30 - 6:00 pm in Room 736 of the Bernstein-Offit Building (1717 Massachusetts Avenue NW)

Thursday, March 13, 2014
"The Status-Quo Crisis: Global Financial Governance after the 2008 Financial Meltdown" [78]
Eric Helleiner [79] (University of Waterloo)
4:30 - 6:00 pm in Room 736 of the Bernstein-Offit Building (1717 Massachusetts Avenue NW)

Thursday, April 10, 2014
"The Eurozone Crisis and the Erosion of Democratic Legitimacy in the EU" [81]
David Cameron [82] (Yale University)
4:30 - 6:00 pm in Room 736 of the Bernstein-Offit Building (1717 Massachusetts Avenue NW)


Thursday, September 12, 2013
"Of Death and Taxes: The Politics of Health Inequality in Comparative Perspective" [84]

Julie Lynch [85] (University of Pennsylvania)

Thursday, October 3, 2013
"Cognitive Mobility: Native Responses to Supply Shocks in the Space of Ideas" [87]
Kirk Doran [88] (University of Notre Dame)

Thursday, November 7, 2013
"Russia, Europe, and the Gas Revolution: Firms and Geopolitics in the Age of Shale" [90]
Rawi Abdelal [91]
(Harvard Business School)

Thursday, December 5, 2013
"The Emperor Has No Clothes: The Limits of OPEC in the World Oil Market" [93]
Jeff Colgan [94]
(American University, SIS)

Thursday, January 31, 2013
"Bringing Them All Back Home? Dollar Diminution and American Power" [96]
Jonathan Kirshner [97]
(Cornell University)

Thursday, April 11, 2013
"Ideas versus Vested Interests in Economics" [98]
Robert Skidelsky [99]
[99](House of Lords and University of Warwick)

Challenges Facing the World Trade System [104]

Columbia University  (September 30, 2014) and Johns Hopkins SAIS (October 1 and 2, 2014)

Day 1: October 1, 2014 - Kenney Auditorium, Nitze Building (SAIS)

5.30 – 6 pm: Reception with Coffee and Cookies

6 – 8 pm: Opening Panel and Roundtable on “The Trade Architecture Today”

Moderator: Pravin Krishna, Johns Hopkins SAIS

Speakers: Ewa Bjorling, Minister of Trade (Sweden); Jagdish Bhagwati, Columbia; Anne Krueger, Johns Hopkins


Day 2: October 2, 2014 - Kenney Auditorium, Nitze Building

Session I: 9.00-10.15 am: The World Trading System

Chair: James Riedel, Johns Hopkins

Paper 1: The World Trading System: Challenges and Possible Responses [105]

Authors: Jagdish Bhagwati, Columbia, Pravin Krishna, Johns Hopkins and Arvind Panagariya, Columbia

Discussant: Lucian Cernat, European Commission


Coffee Break: 10.15-10.30 am


Session II: 10.30–1.00 pm: Critical Issues in Trade

Chair: Arvind Panagariya, Columbia

Paper 2: On Anti-dumping Duties and Subsidies within Bilateral Agreements [106]

Author: Tom Prusa, Rutgers; Discussant: Chad Bown, World Ban

Paper 3: Evaluating Trade Facilitation [107]

Author: Bernard Hoekman, European University Institute; Discussant: Caroline Freund, Peterson Institute for International Economics

Paper 4: Agriculture – Food Security and Trade Liberalization [108]

Author: Stefan Tangermann, Former Director, Trade and Agriculture, OECD; Discussant: Bernard Hoekman, European University Institute


Lunch: 1-2.30 pm


Session III: 2.30-4.30 pm: The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

Chair: Jagdish Bhagwati, Columbia

Paper 5: TTIP: The View from Germany [109]

Author: Gabriel Felbermayr, University of Munich; Discussant: Matthias Matthijs, Johns Hopkins

Paper 6: Administered Protection in the EU: Implications for TTIP [110]

Author: Jonas Kasteng, Advisor, Swedish Board of Trade; Discussant: Tom Prusa, Rutgers



Bernard L. Schwartz Globalization Initiative Series (Krishna and Matthijs)


Forum on Constructive Capitalism Series (Fukuyama)



The Politics of Economic Challenges: Assessing the Role of Political Economy in Development Thinking
April 3-4, 2012
The conference assembled a group of thought leaders in the fields of Political Science, Economics, and International Development to discuss and debate how to reconcile the political economy approach, which is based on a macro analysis, with the increased use of randomized control trials to measure development impacts, which is based on a micro analysis.
Africa's New Era: Learning from the Past and Preparing for the Future
March 1-2, 2011
The conference explored the key political and economic factors that have contributed to the acceleration of the region's development over the past decade. Additionally, the conference sought to identify the key risks and opportunities for African development looking ahead.
The Military and Aid Communities: Sharing Lessons Learned
May 12, 2010
The purpose of this workshop was to bring experts from the military and aid communities together to identify skills and substantive areas of knowledge that they might useefully share in order to deliver the outcomes sought by both groups   
Development and Democracy Workshop
March 24, 2010
The purpose of this workshop was to bring the development and democracy promotion communities together for a workshop in which they can better understand each other's activities and look for synergies in pursuing their respective agendas.
Global Governance of New Biotechnologies
November 4, 2009
The session brought presenters and participants together to address foundational questions regarding the prospects of international governance of new human biotechnologies. 
New Ideas in Development after the Financial Crisis
April 22-23, 2009
The conference examined the implications of the global financial crisis on existing development strategies. Panels of distinguished academics and policy practitioners explored how different regions of the developing world are interpreting this crisis and how they are likely to respond on a national and international level.
Asian Multilateralism and The Future of the American Role in East Asia
April 25, 2005
The purpose of this conference was to explore the history, present, and future of multilateral economic and security organizations in East Asia, and how they relate to American economic and foreign policy interests.
Nation-Building:  Beyond Afghanistan and Iraq
April 13, 2004
This conference on nation building sought to draw lessons from both more distant historical nation-building experiences as well as our current involvement in Afghanistan and Iraq, making recommendations for future institutional change.


Daron Acemoglu, Professor of Economics, MIT
Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty
April 4th, 2012
Dr. Acemoglu discussed why some nations are rich while others are poor. He argued that factors like geography, resource endowments, and even leadership are not he the primary determinants of economic development. Instead, he argued that institutional development is the primary cause and identified the conditions are necessary to have this prerequisite for sustained development.

Arvind Subramanian, Senior Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics and the Center for Global Development.
Does China Challenge What We Know About Development?
February 21, 2012
Dr. Subramanian, author of Eclipse: Living in the Shadow of China's Economic Dominance, discussed if and how China's accelerated rise challenges assumptions once held regarding economic development and the geo-political system.

Dani Rodrik, Professor of International Political Economy, Harvard University
The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy
April 28, 20111
Professor Rodrik discussed the challenges that nations face as they try to effectively take advantage of globalization. Taking lessons from economic history, he argues that nations cannot subordinate national priorities to the demands of globalization

Raghuram Rajan, Professor of Finance, University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Fault Lines: How Hidden Fractures Still Threaten the World Economy
April 15, 20111
Dr. Rajan argues that fissures which caused the 2008 financial crisis are more hidden and widespread than many realize. The likely culprits are not obvious culprits like greedy bankers, sleepy regulators, and irresponsible borrowers, but the growing level of inequality in the United States.

Ian Bremmer, President and Founder of the Eurasia Group
The Global Battle for Economic Ideas
November 4, 2010
Over the past century, most of the world's most influential ideas in politics and economics have originated in the West. Are emerging market countries going to produce their own political-economic ideas that threaten the West's intellectual dominance? What types of influential ideas are likely to come out of these rising powers.

Daniel Drezner, Professor of International Politics at Tufts University
The End of America's Global Hegemony: Implications for the Global System
October 21, 2010
Professor Drezner spoke on the implications of a multipolar world where the United States is no longer the sole superpower. Specifically, he discussed the prospects for global coordination in a world without a dominant power.

Francis Fukuyama, Professor of International Political Economy, Johns Hopkins SAIS
Getting to Denmark: A Long-Term Look at the Development of Political Institutions
September 16 - October 14, 2009
These four lectures, drawn from Professor Fukyama's book on the subject, talk about getting to a mythical country called "Denmark," a place which is stable, peaceful, democratic, inclusive, with good public services and low levels of corruption 

Martin Wolf, Chief Economics Columnist, Financial Times
Fixing Global Finance
March 28-30, 2006
Martin Wolf, associate editor and chief economics commentator for the Financial Times, spoke at a three-part lecture series about "Fixing Global Finance"

Amartya Sen, Professor of Economics, Harvard University
The Foundations of Democracy
November 15-17, 2005
Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize-winning economist and Harvard University's Lamont University Professor, spoke at a three-part lecture series about "The Foundations of Democracy"


For more information, please contact:

Kelley J. Kornell
Program Manager
Bernard L. Schwartz Globalization Initiative
Johns Hopkins University
Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS)

1717 Massachusetts Avenue NW
Suite 717
Washington, DC 20036

Tel: (202) 663-5790
Fax: (202) 663-7718

sais_schwartz@jhu.edu [117]
www.sais-jhu.edu/sgi [118]