Jessica Fanzo

Jessica Fanzo, PhD

Bloomberg Distinguished Associate Professor of Ethics & Global Food and Agriculture
Director of the Global Food Ethics and Policy Program

BOB 730

Background and Education

Bloomberg Distinguished Associate Professor of Ethics and Global Food & Agriculture
Jessica Fanzo is the Bloomberg Distinguished Associate Professor of Ethics and Global Food & Agriculture at the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics and the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). Prior to coming to Johns Hopkins, Jessica was an Assistant Professor of Nutrition in the Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Pediatrics at Columbia University in New York. She also served as the Senior Advisor of Nutrition Policy at the Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development at the Earth Institute.
Before joining Columbia University, Jessica held posts at the REACH Interagency partnership at the UN World Food Programme and Bioversity International, a Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) center, both in Rome Italy. Prior to living in Rome, she also served as the Nutrition Director at the Center for Global Health and Economic Development at the Earth Institute, the Nutrition Regional Advisor for East and Southern Africa at the Millennium Development Goal Centre at the World Agroforestry Centre in Kenya. Prior to joining the Earth Institute, and as a Program Officer for the Medical Research Program focusing on global health initiatives at the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation.
Dr. Fanzo has worked in sub-Saharan Africa for a decade as well as South and East Asia in the last five years. Jessica’s area of expertise focuses on the multi-sectoral and system approaches to ensure better nutrition and diets. Her research is concentrated in three areas: (1) on the linkages between agriculture, water, and health to improve diversity and quality of maternal and young children’s diets in low-income rural communities, (2) the importance of regaining livelihoods in post-conflict regions through better nutrition governance (3) metrics for the emerging area of equitable, sustainable diets and value chains.
Jessica was the first laureate of the Carasso Foundation’s Sustainable Diets Prize in 2012 for her work on sustainable food and diets for long-term human health. She did her PhD in Nutrition at the University of Arizona and was a Stephen I. Morse Postdoctoral Fellow, Immunology – Columbia University.

Recent Publications

Fanzo, J (2015) Ethical Issues for Human Nutrition in the Context of Global Food Security. In Review: Global Food Security. In Press.

Fanzo, J, Graziose, M, Kraemer, K, Gillespie, S, Johnston, J, de Pee, S, Monterrosa,  E, Badham, J, Bloem M, Dangour, A, Deckelbaum, R, Dobermann, A, Fracassi, P, Ingram, J, Jerling, J, Jones, C, Jap, S, Kiess, L, Marshall, Q, Martin, K, Narayan, A, Nayamongo, M, Pepping, F, and West, K (2015) Educating and training a workforce for nutrition in a post-2015 world. Advances in Nutrition 6: 639-647.

De Fries, R, Fanzo, J, Remans, R, Palm, C Wood, S and Lee Anderman, T (2015) Beyond Calories: Agriculture Needs New Metrics to Nourish People in a Land-Constrained World.Science. Jul 17;349(6245):238-40.

Lachat, C, Nago, E, Vermeylen, H, Fanzo, J, Mahy, L, and Kolsteren, P (2015) A landscape analysis on nutrition-sensitive agriculture policy development in Senegal. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. Jun;36(2):154-66.

Fanzo, J, Marshall Q, Dobermann, D, Wong, J, Merchan, RI, Jaber, MI, Souza, A, Verjee, N and Davis, K (2015) Integration of Nutrition Into Extension and Advisory Services: A Synthesis of Experiences, Lessons, and Recommendations. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. Jun;36(2):120-37.

Luckett, B, DeClerck, F, Fanzo, J, Mundorf, A, and Rose, D (2015) Nutritional Functional Diversity: An Indicator to Link Sustainable Agriculture to Healthy Diets. Public Health Nutrition. Sep;18(13):2479-87.

Haddad, L, Achadi, E, Bendech, MA, Ahuja, A, Bhatia, K, Bhutta, Z, Blossner, M, Borghi, E, Colecraft, E, de Onis, M, Eriksen, K, Fanzo, J, Flores-Ayala, R, Fracassi, P, Kimani-Murage, E, Koukoubou, EN, Krasevec, J, Newby, H, Nugent, R, Oenema, S, Martin-Prevel, Y, Randel, J, Requejo, J, Shyam, T, Udomkesmalee, E, and Reddy, KS (2015) The Global Nutrition Report 2014: Actions and Accountability to Accelerate the World’s Progress on Nutrition. J. Nutr. Apr;145(4):663-71.

Fanzo J (2014) Strengthening the engagement of food and health systems to improve nutrition security: Innovative and equitable solutions to address malnutrition. Global Food Security. (3): 183-192.

Wu, Guoyao, Fanzo, J., Miller, D, Pingali, P, Post, M, Steiner, JL, Thalacker-Mercer, AE (2014)Production and supply of high-quality food protein for human consumption: sustainability, challenges and innovations. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1321 (2014) 1–19.

Reinhardt, K., and Fanzo, J. (2014). Addressing chronic malnutrition through multi-sectoral, sustainable approaches: a review of the causes and consequences. Frontiers in Nutrition, 1, 13.

Johnston, J., Fanzo, J., & Cogill, B. (2014). Understanding Sustainable diets: Past, present and future efforts to advance sustainable diets. In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 63: 1063-1063.

Remans, R., Flynn, D., Fanzo, J., Declerck, F., Lambrecht, I., Sullivan, C., Gaynor, K., Siriri, D., Mudiope, J., Mutuo, P., Nkhoma P., and Palm C. (2011) Assessing Nutritional Diversity of Cropping Systems in African Villages. PLoS ONE 6(6):e21235. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021235

Fanzo, J. and Pronyk, P. (2011) Road map to 2015: Reviewing global progress towards the Millennium Development Goal One Hunger Target. UN FNB 32(2): 144-158.

DeClerk, F., Fanzo, JC, Remans, R. and Palm, C.A., and Deckelbaum, R. (2011) Ecological Approaches to Human Nutrition. UN FNB 32(1): 41S-50S.
2015-10-01 00:00:00 
Spring 2017 
Rural developme...
Rural development suggests overall development of rural areas with a view to improve the quality of life of rural people. It is a comprehensive and multidimensional process, involving the reorganization and reorientation of both economic and social systems that encompasses the development of agriculture and allied activities; cottage industries; socio-economic infrastructure; community services and facilities; and human resources in rural areas. This course is designed to enable students to gain an understanding of the major issues and challenges in rural development. Major issues include the growing diversity of livelihood strategies; rural poverty in low potential areas; the imperative need for stronger social protection; conflict resolution and management; the crisis of communicable and non-communicable diseases; institutional capacity and governance; and the need for greater decentralization and devolution. Major challenges include globalization and trade; urbanization; reverse state compression; the 'de-agrarianization' of rural landscapes; rural risks, vulnerability and conflict; the increasing diversity of rural environments; and the special problems of low potential areas - in particular, small-scale farming may be facing unprecedented and unmanageable pressures. These issues and challenges will be examined through different roles, responsibilities and accountabilities including public sector, private sector, local institutions, and civil society.
Spring 2017 
This course rev...
This course reviews the political landscape of food in high-, middle- and low-income countries and their interconnected food systems. Ensuring food security for the global population is a grand challenge and one that has many contentious issues. Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. In order for the global population to be food secure, we need functional, sustainable food systems. However, food systems and the political framing of how they function, are complex networks of individuals and institutions. Depending on policies, food systems determine the availability, affordability and nutritional quality of the food supply, and influence the amount and combination of foods that people are willing and able to consume. Agriculture-led economic growth of countries, the health and nutrition of populations, and environmental sustainability of landscapes are all significant factors of how public policies are made and directed. Conflicts regarding land, technology, natural resources, subsidies, inequity and trade are all being played out in the food policy arena. Students who take this course will become familiar with both domestic and international food policy processes and typologies along with the key players in the international landscape, and will be able to critically analyze and debate how policy and science interact with regard to food security.