- Global Careers
The program occasionally organizes an international conference on a topic related to conflict management. A series of lectures outside of courses and other various activities are held throughout the year.
An internship is highly recommended for Conflict Management students. A number of Washington, DC, agencies offer internships each year in the field of conflict management. Consult the program office for information.
Conflict Management Program Goals and Objectives
Entering Class 2015-2016
Students must take the equivalent of 16 non-language courses (64 credits) in order to graduate. Those students who are approved for dual degree or advanced standing may only need to take 12 courses (48 credits) or 14 courses (56 credits) as approved by Academic Affairs.
Students concentrating in Conflict Management (CM) must take at least 4 courses within this program. Only one of the four required CM courses may be cross-listed, starting with a prefix other than SA.640.XXX. The course Principles and Practices of Conflict Management (SA.640.718) is strongly encouraged for all students in their first year of study who have not taken a similar course.
Students must also fulfill the general requirements for International Relations (IR) which include 2 additional courses within IR from two different IR or selected Policy areas other than CM. These areas include:
· Global Theory and History
· International Law and Organizations
· International Political Economy
· Energy, Resources and Environment
· Strategic Studies
IR students studying at SAIS Europe must take at least three IR courses in Washington with the exception of dual-degree or advanced-standing students, who need must take at least two IR courses in Washington.
Students must complete 4 courses within this program.
· Macroeconomics (prerequisite or concurrent Microeconomics)
· International Trade Theory (prerequisite Microeconomics)
· International Monetary Theory (prerequisite Macroeconomics)
Eligible students who pass the waiver exams in these subjects or who pass Micro and/or Macro in Pre-Term must replace those courses with alternate economics courses. Many students choose to pursue an International Economics Specialization in one of four areas of economics and therefore use electives to meet these requirements. Students may also choose to specialize in Emerging Markets.
Students must receive a 2.67 average in the 4 required economics courses or they must retake a course(s) until a 2.67 average is obtained. If any of the 4 courses are achieved by passing a waiver exam or during Pre-Term, the student must substitute an economics elective course(s) in place of the waived course(s) in order to fulfill the economics requirement above. In this case, the school will use the highest economics program elective course grade(s) to compute this average if a student is replacing one or more of the 4 required courses of Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, International Trade Theory or International Monetary Theory.
Students must complete one course from the list below.
· Statistical Methods for Business & Economics
· Econometrics (prerequisite Statistical Methods for Business & Economics)
· Applied Econometrics (prerequisite Econometrics)
· Macro Econometrics (prerequisite Econometrics)
· Risk Analysis and Modeling
· Corporate Finance (prerequisite or concurrent Microeconomics)
· Quantitative Methods in International Relations (prerequisite Statistical Methods for Business & Economics)
Students may not double-count a Quantitative Reasoning requirement as one of the four required International Economics courses and vice-versa. Eligible students who pass the statistics waiver exam or pass the statistics course in Pre-Term are still required to take an alternate Quantitative Reasoning course from the list above.
All students must pass 2 core exams and/or courses in addition to their concentration requirements. CM concentrators must pass Theories of International Relations as one of their core requirements prior to the start of their third semester. If the second core is not completed by the start of the final semester, a student must enroll in second core course.
· American Foreign Policy Since World War II
· Comparative National Systems
· Evolution of the International Systems
· Theories of International Relations
MA candidates must pass exams to demonstrate proficiency in a second language. This language must be offered at the school. Students whose native language is not English may use English as their proficiency language. All non-native English speakers are required to pass an English placement exam upon entering, even if not using English for proficiency.
Conflict Management concentrators must produce a research paper of publishable quality completed during their final semester from previous work of one of the four Conflict Management courses required above. It must be approved in final form in order to take the MA Oral Exam to compete for honors (if eligible) and to graduate. A prize for the best program paper is awarded at graduation. This requirement is normally fulfilled by:
1. Taking and passing Capstone Research Seminar (SA.640.800); or
2. Taking and passing Negotiation Practicum (SA.640.749)—when offered
3. Taking and passing Patterns of Protest & Revolt (SA.640.762); second-year students only; or
4. Producing a research paper of publishable quality not associated with a class, during a student’s final semester.* This requires approval from the Program Director and is not eligible to receive the “best paper” award. A draft is due by April 1, and final paper by May 1.
*For those whose final semester is fall, consult the Program Director for due date.
Conflict Management Minor Requirements: (as of AY 15/16)
General Conflict Management Requirements:
Students concentrating in Conflict Management must take at least four courses within the Conflict Management Program. One of these courses must fulfill the “capstone” requirement specified below. Conflict Management 640.718, “Principles and Practices of Conflict Management,” is also strongly recommended for all students who have not previously taken a similar course, preferably in the first year of study. One of the four required courses may be offered in another field if it is also “cross listed” with Conflict Management. Students must also fulfill the general requirements for the International Relations field, that is an additional course from each of two IR programs other than Conflict Management. Students must pass the Theories of International Relations Core Exam or must pass the Theories of International Relations course by the end of their second semester.
One of the four Conflict Management courses must satisfy the “capstone” requirement of a publishable quality paper completed during the student’s final semester. The requirement may normally be fulfilled either by taking Conflict Management 640.800 “Capstone Research Seminar” or Conflict Management 640.749, “Negotiation Practicum” (if offered). In both cases, the research paper must be approved in final form in order to graduate; candidates for honors must have their paper approved prior to scheduling their oral exam. A prize for the best program paper is awarded at graduation.
(CM students may choose ONE cross-listed course to count as one of their CM courses. Additional cross-listed courses will go toward students’ electives)
Fifteen students selected through an essay application process participate in a research trip to a designated conflict or post-conflict-region during the intersession. Students plan and coordinate the trip in close cooperation with Drs. Hopmann and Zartman. Background readings and weekly briefings with local experts take place during the fall semester. During the trip, students interview local government officials and representatives of the international community, NGOs, academia and the media in order to assess the role of the international community and prospects for progress in the region. Students select a specific area of focus and write a separate analysis and review of their findings to present in a final report at SAIS during the spring. Preference is given to second-year Conflict Management students, but students from all concentrations are encouraged to apply.
Continues Over Both Semesters - with fall Registration
Examines phases of conflict and techniques that may be introduced at various stages of conflict to halt escalation, minimize violence, and to move conflicts towards resolution. This includes an analysis of the prevention of violent conflicts, crisis management, negotiations to terminate violent conflict, the resolution and/or transformation of conflicts, and post conflict peace-building. Special emphasis will be placed on the role of third parties, such as international institutions, state governments, eminent persons, and NGOs in conflict management.
Examines bargaining and negotiations from the theoretical and policy perspectives in international diplomacy. Emphasizes the impact of the negotiation process on the outcomes of negotiations in both theory and practice, including the role of individual negotiators, domestic politics, cultural context, and the international environment. Considers ways in which negotiations may ameliorate conflicts of interest and identity in international politics. Numerous case studies and simulation exercises will be utilized. Limited to 25 students.
This course will focus on environmental negotiations, especially two key processes that are to conclude in 2015: the negotiations to adopt the post-2015 development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the negotiations to adopt a new climate change agreement under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. We will consider the lessons these negotiations provide for the evolution of the international sustainable development system as well as for negotiation theory. We will examine who participates in these negotiations and their incentives to favor or oppose agreements on environmental issues.
The course will first examine the international negotiating system for environmental policy and examine how particular features of environmental issues influence international negotiations. Several sessions will be devoted to developing an understanding of negotiation theory and frameworks for analyzing negotiations. During these sessions, the class will use the readings to develop a framework for understanding and evaluating international negotiations. The course then turns to case studies, focusing in particular on the negotiation of the SDGs and the ongoing climate change negotiations. For each case, we will apply the framework that we developed during the first half of the class and evaluate alternative explanations for the negotiation outcomes. In addition to case studies, the class will simulate a number of negotiations.
Examines hands-on tactics of dispute settlement and mediation on both the local and international scenes. Although relating to conceptual approaches to mediation and negotiation, focuses primarily on interpersonal aspects and the business of bringing people to an agreement. Also looks at ethical aspects of mediation and conflict resolution.
To enroll in this course, students must have taken one of two basic conflict management courses, either Principles and Practices of Conflict Management, or International Bargaining and Negotiation; or have the approval of the instructor. Limited to 18 students.
Is it true as recent headlines suggest that our fragile planet is on the loom of a grave water crisis, that our rivers are running dry and groundwater aquifers increasingly over-tapped and over-exploited, that wars will be fought between nations over this precious resource (more valuable than oil), and that this is likely to affect the development opportunities for a large share of the world population? Or is this looming crisis over-hyped, a matter of political will and proper pricing, and within the capacity of society to manage? Water is a classic renewable resource, essential to life on this planet. Water sustains the livelihoods of society and makes productive economic activity possible. For such an important resource, it is no wonder that issues surrounding its use (and abuse) can generate cause for so much passionate controversy and concern. This course is a broad survey of the international water issues facing the 21st century. Topics to be covered include, privatization of water service delivery, conflict and cooperation on trans-boundary rivers, the role of large multi-purpose reservoirs (for hydropower, water supply, irrigation), water as a human right, achieving the Millennium Development Goals on water supply and sanitation, the role of water in food security, and climate change. Any discourse today on sustainable development is not complete without a discussion of the important role of water to society.
Seminar within which students research and write their program paper, a publishable quality paper normally 30-40 pages in length, on a research topic selected in consultation with the course instructor; these papers may build upon papers submitted in prior courses, but they should entail considerable additional research and analysis. The seminar will provide a general introduction to issues of research design, focusing on the relationship between conflict management theory and empirical research regarding conflict prevention, management, resolution, and post-conflict peace-building. All students will make oral presentations about their research design to the seminar in order to receive early feedback from the instructor and fellow students. Drafts of the research paper must be submitted by the end of the first full week in April. Papers must be accepted and course requirements must be completed prior to graduation; candidates for honors must have their papers approved prior to scheduling the oral examination, normally no later than May 1, so almost finished drafts must be submitted by April 1 by all students planning to take the honors oral examination.
The course provides an in-depth study of the current state of the art of international mediation. The aim is to systematically approach the various uses, techniques, and problems of using mediation as a form of third party intervention to manage, resolve, or transform international conflicts. The course will offer an analysis of the history and development of international mediation as a distinct form of conflict management. The students will also get familiar with various factors that affect both the process and the outcome of international mediation. First of all, the course will cover a variety of contextual factors that condition any process of international mediation, such as the nature of the dispute (i.e. levels of intractability, degree of violence used, and issues at stake), disputants’ characteristics (i.e. power symmetries and asymmetries in conflict, strategies and tactics used in conflict, and capacities to rally international support) and mediators’ characteristics (i.e. perceived credibility, reputation, bias, interests and leverage which they may employ in the dispute). Secondly, the course will also provide an analysis of various behavioral factors (i.e. mediation strategies) that affect the process and outcome of international mediation. Finally, the students will also study the importance of specific types of agreements that are reached through mediation and their particular impact on both the short and long run. After completing the course the students will be able to better analyze and understand international conflicts and indicate how and why international mediation takes place.
Since the end of the Cold War, the international community has grappled with the challenge of stabilizing and reconstructing failed states and war-torn societies, from Haiti to Afghanistan, Liberia to Iraq. The record of these efforts has been decidedly mixed. Yet the persistence of state failure, internal violence and human suffering means that the United States and its partners will face continual pressure to intervene in and assist the recovery of conflict prone-societies. This course seeks to provide students with a thorough understanding of the main assumptions, actors, challenges and dilemmas in contemporary “nation-building” (statebuilding) exercises in fragile, failed and post-war states. Drawing on the historical record since the fall of the Berlin Wall and more recent experiences, we will seek to clarify the nature of the tasks; identify the requirements for sustainable reconstruction and peace-building; examine the evolving roles and approaches of the United States, the United Nations, host governments and other key actors; analyze the determinants of success or failure in recent cases; and develop policy options for contemporary challenges. The course will include simulations, role plays and oral presentations as well as written papers. Several sessions early on in the semester will last for 3 hours to be able to include simulations. Limited to 18 students.
What is the role of the United Nations in maintaining minimum public order? Is it capable of effective action in crisis, and how should it work with other multilateral structures such as NATO and regional groups? The course looks at the crisis in Kosovo, the Dayton process in Bosnia and recent wars in Africa, as well as the work of the United Nations on weapons of mass destruction and human rights law. Discusses the current reform process, the competition for power between the General Assembly and Security Council and the role of the secretary-general and International Court of Justice. (This is a cross-listed course offered by the International Law and Organizations Program that also can fulfill a requirement for the Conflict Management and Strategic Studies programs.)
Nuclear energy can be used for peaceful purposes or for nuclear weapons. An international non-proliferation regime was established based on the 1968 Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT). The Treaty assigned responsibility International Atomic Energy Agency of the United Nations for applying safeguards to nuclear and related materials, nuclear equipment and facilities to ensure that they remain in peaceful use. New challenges arise from resurgent interest by some nations in acquiring nuclear weapons to meet their perceived security needs, and the recent revival of interest in nuclear power as a carbon-free energy source, including from developing countries that have no experience in nuclear technology. In addition, with the end of the Cold War there is a new threat of nuclear terrorism from acts of malice, diversion, sale, and theft of nuclear material and technologies. This course will explore how nuclear weapons work, why some countries are tempted to seek them, and the implications of nuclear weapons for civilian nuclear power and geopolitical stability. Students will gain an understanding of the political and military dynamics of nuclear weapons, ways to slow or halt the spread of such weapons and how to reduce the dangers of nuclear terrorism. Group discussions, simulated exercises, and guest lecturers will introduce additional real-world dimensions into the classroom.
Africa’s Great Lakes region has become synonymous with conflict. Over the last five decades, this region has seen genocides, ethnic violence, land disputes, civil war, cross border conflict and a multi-national war. Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo have been affected by one or many of these destabilizing factors. The course introduces students to the main issues affecting peace, stability and development in the Great Lakes.
Considers the importance of culture in the operationalization of modernity by assessing the role of religion, beliefs and identity in social behaviors. Challenges the rational assumption to emphasize the behavioral aspects of intercommunal and international relations. Draws from various disciplines (sociology, evolutionary psychology, social and political psychology) to examine identity-based conflict as well as the xenophobic responses to the emergence of a global, modern identity. Cases generally drawn from the Islamic world and its peripheries, but within a vast comparative reach. (This is a cross-listed course offered by the Middle East Studies Program that also can fulfill a requirement for the Global Theory and History Program.)
Explores the basis of protest and revolt in Africa, in the context of developing societies. Considers formal and informal sources of protest, disengagement and resistance. Examines civil society and interest groups, social movements and dissident networks. Considers rural revolt, guerilla warfare and banditry. Discusses nationalist, insurgent and warlord rebellions. Looks at sources and resolution of conflicts. Limited to 20 students.
1 in 5 American Muslims reported experiencing religious discrimination in a recent poll conducted by the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding. In the aftermath of attacks from Boston and Orlando to Paris and Baghdad, many Americans fear acts of violent extremism, and this has led to fear and mistrust of Muslims among some communities. At the same time, domestic and international counterterrorism and counter radicalization efforts have also at times led to feelings of discrimination and marginalization by Muslim individuals and communities. Fear and mistrust between non-Muslim and Muslim communities is a real challenge, yet opportunities exist to improve relations between these communities and foster positive policies and actions to support religious tolerance and security in the US.
Join the Conflict Prevention and Resolution Forum for a discussion with a panel of experts who will outline the current context of Muslim and non-Muslim relations and share policy priorities and strategies for reducing these tensions.
Iraqi forces have expelled the Islamic State (ISIS) from Fallujah, but difficult work lies ahead to retake the territory still under ISIS control, provide security, and rebuild. Restoring government and the rule of law, returning the displaced, and rebuilding homes and infrastructure will be crucial for sustaining the victory. Who will have the power and legitimacy to manage local resources and services? What will it take for civilians to return? Can the Popular Mobilization Forces that played an important role in the liberation of Fallujah be demobilized or absorbed into the army, or will they remain independent power centers?
The Middle East Institute (MEI) and the Conflict Management Program at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) are pleased to host Robert S. Ford (MEI), Charles Lister (MEI), Jessica Lewis McFate (Institute for the Study of War), and Douglas Ollivant (New America) for a discussion of these and other questions regarding the aftermath of Fallujah, how ISIS may react in defeat, and the challenges ahead facing the liberation of Mosul.
Daniel Serwer (MEI and SAIS) will moderate the discussion with our other expert panelists.
New Story Leadership (NSL), partnering with SAIS, is proud to announce a special half-day conference featuring inspiring presentations from young leaders from Israel and Palestine who are living and working together for the summer here in Washington. They will share their insights about the on-going Israeli-Palestinian conflict and field questions from the audience in an effort to unearth how this emerging generation of young adults from the Middle East is thinking about their future, and the future of their region. The conference will also include two expert panels featuring distinguished professors and other qualified professionals from the region who will contribute their own experiences to the discussion on the conflict.
The younger generations of Egypt, Tunisia and other countries in North Africa and the Middle East have decisively spoken up for change, demanding new leadership, greater freedom, and the right to choose their own futures. Now the younger generation of the most conflicted zone in the region also wants to speak for change, to engage you in the new conversation by sharing their stories and their hopes for peace.
If you are tired of the old story of the Middle East, of failed peace attempts and stalled negotiations, come and hear fresh voices, voices that insist on being heard because it is their future that is being shaped by conversations conducted in Washington. They are demanding a say for themselves and on-behalf of their generation.
This year, we are inspired by the words of Senator Robert Kennedy, “Each time a man stands up for an ideal, or acts to improve the lot of others, or strikes out against injustice, he sends forth a tiny ripple of hope, and those ripples build a current which can sweep down the mightiest walls of oppression and resistance.”
A panel discussion by Johns Hopkins SAIS Conflict Management MA candidates on preserving cultural heritage in conflict zones.
Panel discussion on Prof. Zartman's recent book on the Arab Spring: Negotiating in the Shadow of the Intifadat.
The Conflict Management Program, European and Eurasian Studies Program, International Law Program, Center for Transatlantic Relations, and the Global Security and Conflict Management Club invite you to a talk with Ambassador Natalia Gherman, candidate for the UN Secretary General and former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Moldova.
The discussion will touch on the existing geostrategic challenges and the capacity of the UN to respond and adapt.
Ambassador Gherman has previously served as Chief Negotiator on behalf of the Republic of Moldova for the Association Agreement with the European Union and Ambassador to Austria/OSCE, Sweden, Norway and Finland.
The U.S. government has a long history of protecting cultural heritage around the world, but today, these efforts are more central to U.S. foreign policy and national security than ever before.
Daniel Seidemann, founder of Terrestial Jerusalem will speak on this topic.
The Conflict Management Program, International Law Program, Center for Transatlantic Relations, and the Global Security & Conflict Management Club invite you to a lecture by Igor Luksic, candidate for the UN Secretary General and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Montenegro, on the future of the UN, as well as the main challenges and opportunities for the organisation from the South-East European perspective. Foreign Minister Luksic has previously served as the Minister of Finance and Prime Minister of Montenegro.
The Middle East Institute (MEI), the Foundation for Middle East Peace, and the Conflict Management Program of the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) are pleased to host Dov Waxman (Northeastern University) and Ilan Peleg (Lafayette College, MEI) for a discussion of Dr. Waxman's new book, Trouble in the Tribe: The American Jewish Conflict over Israel.
Drawing on in-depth interviews with American Jewish leaders and activists, Waxman analyzes the growing debate within the community about Israeli policies, especially Israel's treatment of Palestinians. His book examines how disagreements over Israel are impacting Jewish communities, national organizations, and advocacy groups in the United States. Waxman illustrates these differences in the context of broader cultural, political, institutional, and demo graphic changes happening in the American Jewish community. Ilan Peleg will offer his commentary and analysis. Daniel Serwer (SAIS and MEI) will moderate the event.
Copies of the book will be available for purchase and signing at the event.
Johns Hopkins SAIS Alumnus, Asbjorn Wee, Senior Specialist, FCV, World Bank, will discuss his career path at the OECD and World Bank in the conflict management field.
As we look around the world today, the question of how to prevent mass atrocities and deadly conflict is undeniably relevant. From Central African Republic Syria to Myanmar, international actors are seeking to understand what has worked in the past and what can be done in the future to protect civilians. They are faced with a number of key questions arise relating to this topic: How does prevention work, both at a policy and at an operational level? What can be done when usual practices fail? What are examples of past successes? What mechanisms for prevention exist and at what stages of conflict? How can prevention be measured?
In recognition of April as Genocide Awareness and Prevention Month, the Conflict Resolution and Prevention Forum will bring together a distinguished group of panelists to examine how to prevent mass atrocities and deadly conflict. Panelists will speak about the latest research, practices, and policies shaping this field and will engage with the audience about the future of prevention. Dr. William Zartman, Professor Emeritus at Johns Hopkins SAIS, will discuss his new book Preventing Deadly Conflict and the norms, processes, and mechanisms to mitigate the risks of widespread violence. Adrienne Lemon, Design, Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist at Search for Common Ground, will provide case studies from on-the-ground programming in high risk environments, including Central African Republic, Burundi, and South Sudan. An additional panelist will focus on policy initiatives to prevent mass atrocities, including the Genocide and Atrocities Prevention Act.
In January 2016 sixteen Johns Hopkins SAIS students spent ten days in Sri Lanka interviewing leaders, and members of international organizations and members of the community in Colombo, Mannar and Jaffna. The objective of the trip was to gain a deeper understanding of the roots of the Sri Lankan conflict; to evaluate the conflict management efforts that have taken place; and finally to present recommendations about how best to advance the process of long-term conflict resolution and peace-building. Students will discuss their findings and present their report.
15 students from the Conflict Management and African Studies Program spent a week in Senegal in January 2016 to get a deeper undestanding of the conflict in Casamance. Students will present their conclusions and recommendations as they launch their trip report
The Center for Turkish Studies at the Middle East Institute (MEI) and the Conflict Management Program at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) are pleased to welcome Charles Lister, Ahmet Sait Yayla, and Anne Speckhard in a discussion about why people take up arms with the Islamic State (ISIS). Its declaration of a caliphate and its glorification of violence in pursuit of its aims have drawn adherents across the socioeconomic spectrum, from the United States and Europe to the Islamic world. Who are the people being recruited as ISIS militants, and why do they join? This expert panel will examine the allure of ISIS in Europe, Turkey, and the Arab world and effective strategies to stem its growth. Daniel Serwer will moderate the discussion. Unfortunately, there will be no lunch provided at this event.
Dean Vali Nasr, the SAIS Africa Association, the SAIS International Law Society and the SAIS International Law & Organizations Program invite you to join them for a conversation in honor of Black History Month with Dr. Jacquelyn Serwer Chief Curator, Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture. Jacquelyn Days Serwer is a curator and art historian who joined the staff of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) as Chief Curator in May 2006. At NMAAHC, she focuses primarily on building the museum’s foundational collection and developing exhibition projects for the near term, as well as planning for the museum’s new building to open on the National Mall in 2016. Previously she served for six years as Chief Curator of the Corcoran Gallery of Art where she coordinated all museum activities. In addition to her own projects, Serwer supervised the museum’s exhibition program and related publications, as well as the in-house and outreach activities of the Education Department. Prior to her tenure at the Corcoran, she served as Chief Curator and Curator of Contemporary Art at the Smithsonian American Art Museum (SAAM). Serwer, who taught art history at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Geneva and at BrooklynCollege, received her M.A. from the University of Chicago and her Ph.D. from the City University of New York. She earned her B.A. at Sarah Lawrence College. Her career as a museum professional began at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Two years into the conflict in Ukraine and five years into the war in Syria, Russian foreign policy looms larger than ever. Though sanctions have taken a toll, and relations with the West continue to weaken, President Vladimir Putin is doubling down on Russian influence in both Europe and the Middle East. With no end in sight, is a larger clash with the West inevitable? What more can the United States and Europe do to address Russian policies? And what role, if any, should Russia play in resolving the conflicts in Syria and Ukraine?
On Monday, February 22, these questions, and more, will be debated by policymakers, scholars and journalists, including former U.S. Ambassador John Herbst, Buzzfeed World editor Miriam Elder, German Marshall Fund Senior VP Ivan Vejvoda and Transatlantic Senior Fellow Marie Mendras.
Panelists Amat Alsoswa (Former Yemeni Cabinet Memeber), Leslie Campbell (NDI), Andrew Plitt (USAID), and Charles Schmitz (MEI) will discuss the deepening complexity of the conflict, the growing humanitarian crisis, the challenges of delivering aid to a suffering population, and prospects for peace talks and an end to the fighting. Daniel Serwer (MEI and SAIS) will moderate.
Interested in working in the peacebuilding field but not sure how to get your foot in the door? Join us for a networking event that will offer young professionals and graduate students the opportunity to learn more about peacebuilding and conflict resolutions organizations and institutions.
This event offers you the chance to meet staff from a variety peacebuilding organizations and institutions, and it will introduce you to peacebuilders working on everything from sports for peace to countering violent extremism to preventing violence around elections, and everything in between. Learn how peacebuilding intersects with fields like policy making, health, education, governance, and more. This is not a job fair, but instead it is a great opportunity to talk to peacebuilders, learn about new organizations, learn about career paths, and share your own interests and experiences. Join us for a great networking opportunity!
Coffee and pastries will be provided.
Would you like to teach Conflict Management skills to local public school children? Would you like to teach at your convenience for 9 sessions only? We are now recruiting for PeaceKidZ program for spring 2016. The PeaceKidZ program aims to develop children's ability to understand, analyze and manage conflicts in their every day lives. The program is based on the three "Rs": (1) Recognize-understand and analyze conflicts; (2) Respect-attitudes and awareness; and (3) Resolve-skills and strategies.
Having pressed to lift sanctions in the P5+1 nuclear deal, Beijing and Moscow are now competing to expand military cooperation and commerce with Tehran. China may rapidly double its oil imports from Iran from their sanctions-era level, while Iran may soon secure full membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, raising its influence in a Eurasian forum where Washington is absent. What is the impact of the Russian-Chinese competition for influence in Iran and how will it shape regional dynamics, as well as the U.S.'s Middle East priorities?
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) make a clear link between conflict and development, thanks to the powerful language about peace in the preamble to the along with the inclusion of Goal 16 on "peaceful and inclusive societies." This emphasis recognizes that protracted conflict undermined the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in many countries, and it creates a new international focus on peacebuilding as one of the solutions to development challenges.
How did the international community shift its thinking toward peace and inclusion in the SDGs, and where do we go from here? The inclusion of peace as a goal in the SDGs was not a foregone conclusion, and panelists will discuss both how advocacy helped ensure a role for peacebuilding in the SDGs and what that means for the next 15 years. They will also discuss the challenge that remains for governments, organizations, and individuals to implement and evaluate these global goals.
Kurdistan Under Pressure Monday, November 9th 2015 10 am - 12 pm Conference Room 500 Keynote address Bayan Sami Abdul Rahman Kurdistan Regional Government Representative in the United States Panelists Daniel Serwer Senior Fellow, CTR-SAIS Director, SAIS Conflict Management Program Nusseibeh Younis Senior Fellow, Atlantic Council Yael Mizrahi SAIS Middle East and Conflict Management Student Moderator Sasha Toperich Senior Fellow and Director of the Mediterranean Basin Initiative at SAIS
Ilir Meta, Speaker of the Albanian Parliament and Former Prime Minister of Albania will speak on this topic.
Enver Hoxhaj, the former Kosovo Foreign Minister will speak on this topic.
Compatibility of interests in US-Russia relationship. Potential for mediated solutions in Syria and Ukraine.
With more than half the world's population living in cities for the first time, urban violence has become an increasingly significant problem. From Karachi to San Pedro Sula, urban centers grapple with security threats from within their own populations. In the face of challenges that can include rapid population growth, increased pressure on fragile infrastructure, limited resources such as energy and water, and high levels of unemployment, city governments are facing substantial challenges maintaining security. This has enabled insurgencies, terrorist organizations, criminal gangs and syndicates to operate more freely. This forum will explore work being to confront urban violence holistically, looking at both urban development programming and youth-centered violence reduction initiatives in cities around the world.
Conflict Management Program and the Middle East Institute are pleased to host Tarek Masoud of the Harvard University Kennedy School of Government for a discussion of his book The Arab Spring: Pathways of Repression and Reform (co-authored with Jason Brownlee and Andrew Reynolds). In this highly praised scholarly study, Dr. Masoud and his colleagues examine the societal, political, and economic factors that distinguished the different trajectories of the 2011 popular uprisings against Arab regimes. Why did leaders fall where they did and not elsewhere? Why did mass opposition not coalesce in most societies to broad agreements on forms of participation and governance?
Drawing on extensive research across the region, Dr. Masoud will review his findings about the systems of rule that withstood or broke before popular uprisings and, in countries where leaders were toppled, the factors that most shaped the ensuing developments toward pluralism, renewed authoritarianism, or deeper divisions in society and politics.
William Zartman, Professor Emeritus at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, will moderate the discussion.
This event brings together young leaders from Israel and Palestine.
IPSI and the Conflict Management Program present a simulation designed to illustrate the complexity of organizing collaborative regional strategies to address the issue of terrorism and insurgency in neighboring countries. As such, the simulation will focus specifically on issues facing state actors in the region in their attempts to collaborate to prevent the spread of Boko Haram. Those issues include the continued evolution and threat posed by Boko Haram as well as differences among state interests, goals, responses to refugee flows, and resources. No speakers - participants run the simulation.
Lyn Wagner, Senior Manager, Knowledge Management Projects; Pam Chasek, Executive Editor, Earth Negotiations Bulletin, Reporting Services International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), will discuss the topic.
Ambassador Lukman Faily, Ambassador of the Republic of Iraq to the United States; Abbas Khadim (Discussant), Senior Foreign Policy Fellow, SAIS; Daniel Serwer (Moderator) Senior Research Professor of Conflict Management, SAIS, and MEI Non-resident Scholar, will discuss about Iraq and its future.
Prof. Zartman, Prof. Hopmann and four current SAIS conflict management students will discuss the topic.
Doudou Sidibe, SAIS Visiting Scholar, Novancia Business School in Paris, will discuss the topic. Note: This event is off the record.
The Syria Justice and Accountability Centre (SJAC) and the Conflict Management Program at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) invite you to attend the launch of a new report detailing Syrian perspectives on locally-based conflict resolution initiatives. "Maybe We Can Reach a Solution:" Syrian Perspectives on the Conflict and Local Initiatives for Peace, Justice, and Reconciliation marks the second phase of a comprehensive research initiative launched by SJAC to investigate the opinions of a diverse group of Syrians on the transitional justice process.
In April 1975, civil war breaks out; Beirut is partitioned along a Muslim-Christian line and is divided into East and West Beirut. The war moves inexorably from adventure to a nation wide tragedy. This event is off-the-record.
Blueprint for Revolution is not only a spirited guide to changing the world but a breakthrough in the annals of advice for those who seek justice and democracy. It asks (and not heavy-handedly): As long as you want to change the world, why not do it joyfully? It's not just funny. It's seriously funny. No joke." - Todd Gitlin, author of The Sixties and Occupy Nation
I. William Zartman, SAIS professor emeritus, Conflict Management will discuss this topic. This event is off-the-record.
H.E. Hashim Thaçi, deputy prime minister of foreign affairs and Daniel Serwer, professor, Conflict Management and senior fellow, Center for Transatlantic Relations will discuss this topic.
Fatmir Besimi, deputy prime minister of Macedonia for European Affairs will discuss this topic.
This is an information session for anyone interested in taking the PeaceKidZ class and teaching conflict resolution skills in DC public schools.
Note: This event has been cancelled. Larbi Sadiki, professor of international affairs at Qatar University, and I. William Zartman, Jacob Blaustein Distinguished Professor Emeritus of International Organization and Conflict Resolution, will discuss this topic.
Aaron Sampson, Africa director for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor at the US Department of State, will address participants on the curent situtaion in Mali and participants will take part in a simulation to construct a peace plan for Mali in a hypothetical post-peace-agreement situation.
Marc Chernick, director of the Center for Latin American Studies and associate professor of political science in the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, will discuss this topic. Note: This event is off the record.
Bertram Spector, editor-in-chief of International Negotiation, executive director of the Center for Negotiation Analysis, and senior technical director at Management Systems International, will discuss this topic.
Richard Garfield, emergency response and recovery team lead for assessment, surveillance, and information management at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Deborah Rosenblum, executive vice pesident of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, will discuss this topic. Note: This event will have a live webcast.
The Conflict Management Program will host a seminar for local academics and experts in the field of negotiation to discuss one another’s work and papers. I. William Zartman, professor emeritus and Blaustein Chair of International Organization and Conflict Resolution, will discuss this topic. Note: This event is off the record.
Sarah Chayes, senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program and the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Marc Gopin, director of the Center on Religion, Diplomacy, and Conflict Resolution at George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution; and George Lopez, vice president of the Academy for International Conflict Management and Peacebuilding at the United States Institute of Peace, will discuss this topic. P. Terrence Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program, will provide opening remarks. Note: This event will have a live webcast.
P. Terrence Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program, will discuss the Conflict Management Program's upcoming research trip to Columbia for interested students.
I. William Zartman, professor emeritus of international organization and conflict resolution, and Isabelle Talpain-Long, program coordinator for the Conflict Management Program, will discuss the PeaceKidZ program for interested students.
P. Terrence Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program, will discuss courses, requirements, field trip, and capstone requirements.
Jaime Horn, director of the Andi Leadership Institute, and Kim Massey, program director at the Andi Leadership Institute, will speak during the closing ceremony for the eight participants taking part in this year's program.
The International Peace and Security Institute will host an interactive simulation exploring this topic.
Richard Clarke, chairman of the board of governors of the The Middle East Institute; Steve Simon, senior fellow at The Middle East Institute; Randa Slim, director of the Track II Dialogues Initiative; and Daniel Serwer, a senior research professor in the Conflict Management Program, will discuss this topic.
Ten students, five from Israel and five from Palestine, will share their stories and projects on this topic.
Georgia Holmer, senior program officer in the Center for Gender and Peacebuilding at the U.S. Institute of Peace; Mike Jobbins, senior program manager for africa at Search for Common Ground; Irfan Saeed, senior policy advisor in the Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security; and Haroon Ullah, member of the U.S. Secretary of State's Policy Planning Staff at the U.S. Department of State, will discuss this topic. Note: There will be a live webcast of this event.
P. Terrence Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program; Matthew Rojansky, director of the Kennan Institute at the Wilson Center; and Karina Korostelina, associate professor and director of the Program on History Memory and Conflict at the School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University, will discuss this topic. A role-play simulation will follow with participants taking on the roles of Russia, the U.S., Ukraine and the E.U. Note: Spots are limited, please RSVP.
Students from the SAIS Conflict Management Program will present their report on the Mindanao conflict from their January student research trip to the Philippines.
Susan Allen, director of George Mason University’s Center for Peacemaking Practice; Melissa Brown, director of the Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation in USAID’s Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance; David Hunsicker, Asia and Middle East Team Leader in USAID's Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation; Kelly Skeith, deputy director for Performance Evaluation at Social Impact; Mathias Kjaer, evaluation specialist at Social Impact; Liz McClintock, founder and managing partner at CMPartners; and Melanie Cohen Greenberg, president and CEO of the Alliance for Peacebuilding, will discuss this topic. Note: SAIS will host a live webcast of this event.
I. William Zartman, professor emeritus of international organizations and conflict resolution in the Conflict Management Program; P.T. Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program; and Conflict Management Program alumni, will discuss this topic. Note: A reception will follow this event.
Molly Elgin-Cossart, senior fellow at the Center for American Progress; Ravi Karkara, global expert adviser on children and youth for U.N. Habitat and the U.N. Millennium Campaign; Karen Mulhauser, president of Mulhauser and Associates and chair of the United Nations Association of the U.S., and Charles Call, senior adviser for the Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations at the U.S. Department of State, will discuss this topic.
Enver Hoxhaj, foreign minister of Kosovo, and Slobodan Petrovic, deputy prime minister of Kosovo, will discuss this topic.
I. William Zartman, professor of International Organization and Conflict resolution at SAIS, will discuss opportunities with the PeaceKidZ program with interested students.
Dana Brown, executive director of the U.S. Office on Colombia, will discuss this topic. Note: No prior negotiating experience or knowledge of the conflict is necessary to participate.
Johan Galtung, professor of peace studies and founder of Transcend International, will discuss this topic. Note: A reception will follow this event.
Russ Feingold, the U.S. special envoy to Africa’s Great Lakes region, will be the featured speaker at this event. Note: This event is off the record.
Wassim Daghrir, an associate professor at the University of Sousse, Tunisia’s English Department and a Fulbright Scholar at Villanova University, will discuss this topic.
P. Terrence Hopmann, director of the SAIS Conflict Management Program; Eric Henry, professorial lecturer in the SAIS Conflict Management Program and founder and managing partner of CM Partners; Lynn Wagner, professorial lecturer in the SAIS Conflict Management Program and senior manager for knowledge management projects at the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD); and Daniel Serwer, senior research professor in the SAIS Conflict Management Program and senior fellow at the SAIS Center for Transatlantic Relations, will discuss this topic.
Najab Ghadbian, special representative to the United States for the National Coalition of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces, will discuss this topic.
Donald Steinberg, president and CEO of World Learning, and Sandra Melone, executive vice president of Search for Common Ground, will discuss this topic.
Craig Zelizer, associate director of the M.A. in Conflict Resolution Program at Georgetown University; Mike Jobbins, senior program manager for Africa at Search for Common Ground; and Tobie Whitman, an independent consultant, will discuss this topic.
The Conflict Management Program will host an information session for a field trip to Mindanao.
Professor Hopmann, director of the Conflict Management Program, will discuss the Program. All incoming and returning Conflict Management students should plan to attend.
I. William Zartman, professor emeritus in the Conflict Management Program, and Peacekidz alumni, will discuss this program bringing SAIS students to local public schools to teach conflict management skills.
Mohamed Elmenshawy, director of the Language and Regional Studies Program at the Middle East Institute; Nancy Okail, director of Freedom House's Egypt office in Cairo; and I. William Zartman, professor emeritus, will discuss this topic.
The eight participants of the inaugural Andi Leadership Institute for Young Women (ALI) will present their capstone projects. ALI seeks to equip the next generation of female peacebuilders, both international and American, to be leaders in their communities. For more information and to RSVP, contact email@example.com.
Aseel Saied, a recipient of the Hope Fund Scholarship at Bridgewater College from Ramallah, Palestine; Gal Raij, a public activist for the Interdisciplinary Center in Herzliya and Hadera, Israel; Coral Kasirer, a graduate from the University of British Columbia from Zichron Ya'akov, Israel, will discuss their experiences.
Marshall Wallace, director of the Do No Harm Program at the Collaboration for Development Action; Kristin Doughty, assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Rochester; Sue Williams, an expert in peace and development; and Sandra Melone, executive vice president at the Search for Common Ground, will discuss this topic. Note: SAIS will host a live Webcast available here at the time of the event.
Andrew Aydin, co-author of March (Book One); Nate Powell: illustrator of March and creator of the acclaimed graphic novel Any Empire; Dalia Ziada (via Skype), activist, blogger and award-winning women’s rights advocate and translator of The Montgomery Story; and Jeanné Isler (moderator), director of USA Programs at Search for Common Ground, will discuss this topic. Note: SAIS will host a live Webcast available here at the time of the event.
Dayna Brown, director of the Listening Project at CDA Collaborative Learning; Neil Levine, director of the Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation in USAID’s Office of Democracy and Governance; Bruce Hemmer, a research analyst at the Office of Learning and Training of the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau for Conflict and Stabilization Operations (CSO); Paul Turner, a CSO policy analyst; and Lisa Schirch founding director of the Alliance for Peacebuilding’s 3P Human Security program, will discuss this topic. Note: SAIS will host a live Webcast for this event.
Leslie Dwyer, assistant professor of conflict analysis and anthropology at George Mason University’s School of Conflict Analysis and Resolution; Margaret Smith, scholar-in-residence at American University’s School of International Service; William Stuebner, former special adviser to the prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia; and Joseph Montville (moderator), board chair and senior fellow at the Center for World Religions, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution, will discuss this topic. Note: SAIS will also host a live webcast available here at the time of the event.
Experts and policymakers will discuss the experiences of U.S. government programs and civil society organizations working directly with governments and security forces to improve citizen security. For a complete conference agenda, visit http://salsa.sfcg.org/p/salsa/event/common/public/?event_KEY=319638.
Daniel Kurzter, lecturer and S. Daniel Abraham Professor in Middle Eastern Policy Studies at Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs; Shibley Telhami, professor of international relations and Anwar Sadat Professor of Peace and Development at University of Maryland; Geoff Aronson, director of research and publications the Foundation for Middle East Peace; and Daniel Serwer (moderator), senior research professor in the SAIS Conflict Management Program, will discuss this topic.
Students from the January 2013 SAIS trip to the Caucasus region will discuss their findings and present reports based on their interviews with leaders and members of international organizations in the region about the roots of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Levent Bilman, director of the Policy and Mediation Division in the Department of Political Affairs at the United Nations (U.N.); Francis Deng , former under-secretary-general and special adviser to the U.N. secretary-general on the prevention of genocide; Charles Call, senior adviser at the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations; Peter Wallensteen, Richard G. Starmann Sr. Research Professor of Peace Studies at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies; I. William Zartman, SAIS professor emeritus; and Terrence Hopmann (moderator), director of the SAIS Conflict Management Program, will discuss this topic. Note: Lunch will be provided immediately following the event. SAIS will also host a live webcast available here at the time of the event.
Experts, policymakers and Tunisian scholars will discuss key political and economic challenges, the struggle over the constitution, and how U.S. officials and nongovernmental organizations help Tunisians address mounting domestic and regional crisises. Note: SAIS will also host a live webcast of the event available here at the time of the event. For a complete conference agenda, visit http://www.usip.org/events/the-struggle-democracy-in-tunisia.
Nate Rosenblatt, analyst at Caerus Associates and a SAIS graduate; I. William Zartman, SAIS professor emeritus; and Daniel Serwer, senior research professor in the Conflict Management Program, will discuss this topic. Note: This event is open to invited guests and SAIS students only, and the speakers’ comments will be off the record.
Steven Steiner, gender adviser at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) and former senior adviser in the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons at the U.S. Department of State; Maria Correia, social development sector manager of the South Asia Region at the World Bank; Joseph Vess, senior program officer at Promundo; and Kathleen Kuehnast, director of USIP’s Center for Gender and Peacebuilding, will discuss this topic.
Join I. William Zartman, SAIS professor emeritus, to learn about the PeaceKidz program and available opportunities for students. The PeaceKidZ program aims to develop children's ability to understand, analyze and manage conflicts in their every day lives. Note: This event is open to SAIS students only.
Carl Gershman, president of the National Endowment for Democracy; Cynthia Irmer, special assistant in the Office of the Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy and Humans Rights at the U.S. Department of State; Marina Ottaway, senior associate in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; and I. William Zartman, SAIS professor emeritus, will discuss this topic.
Fen Osler Hampson, distinguished fellow and director of the Global Security Centre for International Governance Innovation; Ellen Laipson, president of the Stimson Center; I. William Zartman, professor emeritus at SAIS; and Instituut Clingendael research fellows Regina Joseph and Floor Janssen will discuss this topic.
Yahya Hendi, Muslim chaplain at Georgetown University; Elahe Izadi, comedian and National Journal reporter; Craig Zelizer, associate director of the Conflict Resolution Program at Georgetown University; and S. Ayse Kadayifci-Orellana (moderator), visiting assistant professor in the Conflict Resolution Program at Georgetown University, will discuss this topic.
As we continue to analyze the Conflict Management job market, we’re narrowing our employment search and identifying our preferred employers and the skills they want to see on a resume. Come prepared to present the results of your informational interviews and help us plan a series of skills building course.
Join the Global Security and Conflict Management (GSCM) Career Club's inaugural meeting as we outline this year's strategy to a promising career in the field of conflict management.
We are pleased to share with you the first issue of the Conflict Management Program Bulletin. We intend on sending our newsletter a couple of times a year to keep in touch with our alumni across the globe. If you would like to contribute, whether you wrote a book, published an article, spoke at a conference, or wish to be profiled, let us know. We also welcome suggestions for new features in our newsletter.
International Conflict Management is a dynamic, interdisciplinary field, constantly evolving as a response to problems in International Relations. Theoretically located between social and behavioral science, it is the point at which these perspectives meet and sometimes clash. Conflict management can be functionally understood by what it seeks to accomplish.
Conflict Management aims to:
The Conflict Management Toolkit identifies five devices or strategies of conflict management:
At different phases of a conflict the multiple strategies of conflict management respond to barriers in the process in different ways: Conflict Prevention is an approach that seeks to resolve disputes before violence breaks out; Peacemaking transforms the conflict from violent to spoken, and further, toward the definition of a common peaceful solution; Peacekeeping missions are often required to halt violence and preserve peace once it is obtained. If successful, those missions can strengthen the opportunity for post-conflict Peacebuilding, which should function to prevent the recurrence of violence by addressing the root causes of conflict and creating a stable and durable peace. Finally, Statebuilding is the process of reconstructing weak or collapsed infrastructure and institutions of a society - political, economic and civil - in order for civil society and politics to begin to function normally.
It may be difficult or even undesirable to come up with exact definitions of these concepts. Trying to define the tasks that go into each "strategy" would risk limiting rather than expanding the means by which conflicts can be managed. It is therefore useful to look at these concepts in terms of the goals and aims of those strategies, the targets of particular actions, and in terms of the specific problems that need to be addressed. Each strategy addresses specific problems that occur during the Conflict Process:
In an effort to merge theory and practice, the Conflict Management Toolkit approaches conflict and conflict management from three perspectives: Approaches, Issues in Practice, and Resources.
The aim of the theoretical analysis of conflict is to develop an understanding of the variables, processes, strategies, and techniques that interact to form the basis for Conflict Management. These enable us to analyze, understand, explain and predict conflict and the mechanisms that contribute to its solution. We organize conflict management into five overlapping and interrelated areas: Conflict Prevention, Peacekeeping, Peacemaking, Post-conflict Peacebuilding, and Statebuilding. Rather than providing a package of tools and strategies that have to be stretched in order to apply to a variety of conflict situations, the approaches presented here attempt to identify the challenges that Conflict Management faces in practice and ways to deal with them. Instead of playing one strategy off against another, the toolkit looks at how these approaches can interact through a focus on problems, target groups, actors, and tasks involved.
Issues In Practice
The Challenge for Conflict Management Theory is to study real problems in the real world rather than just ideal cases. In the Issues in Practice section a number of topics that confront theoreticians and practitioners on all levels of activity are introduced and analyzed in view of the theoretical approaches. Most of these issues are answers to problems that span across the entire field of Conflict Management, or crosscutting agendas that have to be dealt with in order for the theoretical approaches to truly tackle the reality of conflicts. It involves evaluating the effectiveness of Conflict management as well as its readiness to deal with new problems and new issues, such as terrorism.
The resources section provides a guide to different organizations and practitioners working in the field of Conflict Management in its link section and it offers information about similar conflict management initiatives. The practitioners are usually mediators, negotiators, diplomats, facilitators, relief workers, or even the conflicting parties themselves. The tasks range from negotiating cease-fires to providing social and psychological healing to those who have been most affected by the violence. The "organizations" involved these activities can be sovereign states, agencies, international organizations, diplomats or other actors that support, organize and fund those working in the field. They provide training, legitimization, knowledge, resources, early warning and experience. This section also includes syllabi from several different conflict management courses, both at Johns Hopkins SAIS and elsewhere, and links to a multitude of journals focusing on conflict management-related issues. It also offers a list of useful links to the websites of NGOs, government agencies, donor organizations, media outlets, and research institutions that work in conflicts worldwide. A glossary and historiography explain common conflict management terms and their theoretical evolution. The section offers a look into "Peacekidz," a Johns Hopkins SAIS project to adapt international conflict management to everyday life - a team of students research and design a conflict resolution program for middle school children and teaches it weekly at Francis C. Hammond Middle School in Alexandria, Virginia.
As new concepts emerge and agendas expand, we need ways with which to classify and understand new information. The Conflict Management Toolkit attempts to arrange the concepts and terms of Conflict Management into meaningful theoretical and practical categories. These categories then become more comprehensible and useful for students, practitioners and academics. We hope that this highlights both the importance, as well as the interdependence of both theory and practice to conflict management. In the words of the Swedish negotiator to the Kyoto Protocol, Bo Kjellen: "I only knew negotiations through my practical experience and started to read the theory only towards the end of my career. I think it would have helped me a lot had I known the theory earlier." (World Bank Seminar on International Waters, 27 February 2002).
CMToolkit is the work of the Conflict Management Program of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies and is made available to the Alliance for Peacebuilding (AfP) and its members as part of the Program’s participation in AfP. All materials in the Toolkit may be used with appropriates attribution.
Reactions and suggestions (and appreciations) are welcome. All correspondence should be addressed to CMToolkit@jhu.edu.