Offered at SAIS Europe in Bologna, this is a two-year research-oriented degree program. Students submit a thesis instead of taking two of the non-language courses normally required for the MA degree. Master’s students from European partner universities can study for one year in their home program and for one year at SAIS Europe, obtaining the MAIA plus a master’s from their home university. Courses at SAIS Europe in Bologna cover European history, economics, and contemporary politics, international economics, and general international relations, including U.S. foreign policy. Other courses cover current aspects of international finance, conflict management, international law, middle east studies, strategic studies, energy and environmental issues, including climate change. In addition, students can choose to study one of the eight language offered in Bologna.